You Are What You Eat

You Are What You Eat

Picture Show: You Are What You Eat Picture Show: You Are What You Eat

News

Picture Show: You Are What You Eat


by
Mark Menjivar

May 14, 2009

Share on Facebook
Click me!

Share on Twitter
Click me!

Copy Link



We purchase refrigerators the way we fill them: out of necessity-to preserve the milk; to keep the greens from wilting. But from the right vantage point, an open fridge is the perfect staging grounds for a discussion of consumption. And if the aphorism holds true-if we really are what we eat-then refrigerators are like windows into our souls. It’s that sentiment that’s at the heart of Mark Menjivar ‘s inventive exploration of hunger, “You Are What You Eat,” for which he photographed the contents of strangers’ refrigerators. As you can see, whether it holds neatly ordered rows of labels-out condiments or zip-locked stacks of shot-and-gutted buck meat, there’s almost certainly a narrative to a fridge’s arrangement.


Owner of Defunct Amusement Park | Alpine, TX | 1-Person Household | Former WW II Prisoner of War | 2007


Carpenter/Photographer | San Antonio, TX | 3-Person Household | 12-Point Buck | 2008


Street Advertiser | San Antonio, TX | 1-Person Household | Lives on $432 fixed monthly income | 2007


Midwife/Middle School Science Teacher | San Antonio, TX | 3-Person Household (including dog) | First week after deciding to eat locally grown vegetables. | 2008


Retired Train Conductor | Jackson, MS | 1-Person Household | Started Meals on Wheels in his community | 2008


Red Cross Board Member | San Antonio, TX | 1-Person Household | Sleeps with a loaded .45 pistol on nightstand | 2008


Bar Tender | San Antonio, TX | 1-Person Household | Goes to sleep at 8AM and wakes up at 4PM daily. | 2008


Restaurant Owner | Waco, TX | 1-Person Household | Has a photographic memory for useless information. | 2009


Documentary Film Makers | San Diego, CA | 3-Person Household | Efforts have helped send millions of dollars to children in Uganda. | 2008


Botanist | Ft. Wayne, IN | 1-Person Household | Feels more comfortable among flora and fauna of his era than people. | 2008


Community Volunteer | San Angelo, TX | 1-Person Household | Completely blind and lives alone. | 2007


Anesthesiologist | Ft. Worth , TX | 3-Person Household | Youngest son works on lobster boat in Alaska | Day after Thanksgiving, 2007


Short Order Cook | Marathon,TX | 2-Person Household | She can bench press over 300lbs. | 2007


Graphic Designer/Print Shop Owner | 2-Person Household | Founder of www.DeliverUsFromLiberals.com | 2008


School Crossing Guard/Nursing Home Assistant | Austin, TX | 6-Person Household | Parents and 3 adult children live in an efficiency apartment. | 2007


Journalist/Designer/School Teacher | 3-Person Household | Austin, TX | Writes the obituaries for the local newspaper. | 2009


College Students | Waco, TX | 3-Person Household | Drummer for a Death Metal band. | 2009


High School Football Coach/Social Worker | Houston, TX | 2-Person Household | Counselor at LGBT crisis center. | 2008Each caption is the title of the photograph above it. –Are you a photographer with a project you would like to share with the GOOD community? Send a brief description and a few sample images (or a link) to photo [at] goodinc [dot] com, and we’ll take a look. If we like it, it might end up as one of our Picture Shows. We look forward to your submissions.

Recently on GOOD

  • Banksy reveals how he built his ‘self-destructing’ painting that shredded after auction.


    His elaborate prank shocked the art world. 

    Design

    Tod Perry
  • Air travel is about to get a lot better thanks to a surprisingly bipartisan bill passed by the Senate.


    Bigger seats, faster security lines, and no more getting kicked off overbooked flights.

    Innovation

    Eric Pfeiffer
  • Guy’s viral analogy nails exactly why Brett Kavanaugh is so triggering to women.


    Writer A.R. Moxon uses an interesting analogy to explain a highly sensitive topic.  

    Culture

    Bronwyn Isaac
  • ‘Girls Will Be Girls’ is not a saying. Have you ever thought about why?


    The fact that this isn’t a saying tells us everything we need to know.

    Communities

    Rachel Reilich
  • After keeping her political views hidden, Taylor Swift boldly breaks her silence. 


    “In the past I’ve been reluctant to publicly voice my political opinions … I feel very differently about that now.”

    Culture

    Tod Perry
  • Guy asks internet to show him “one example of Trump being homophobic" and gets absolutely schooled.


    Just “one” example?

    Communities

    Tod Perry

Health

16 things people don’t realize you’re doing because you’re emotionally ‘numb.’

#​7: You Have No Desire to Date

by
Juliette Virzi

Health

16 ‘anxiety thoughts’ people have when they first wake up.

 ‘Do I have to go out anywhere today or socialize with others?’

by
Juliette Virzi

Culture

Racist lady attacks women at grocery store for speaking Spanish. Then another white lady stepped in.

“Stand up and say something. Letting that happen is really what’s wrong with our country.”

by
May Wilkerson

Live Well. Do Good.

Picture Show: You Are What You Eat


















Recent

Banksy reveals how he built his ‘self-destructing’ painting that shredded after auction.
about 13 hours ago

Air travel is about to get a lot better thanks to a surprisingly bipartisan bill passed by the Senate.
about 16 hours ago

Guy’s viral analogy nails exactly why Brett Kavanaugh is so triggering to women.
about 16 hours ago

‘Girls Will Be Girls’ is not a saying. Have you ever thought about why?
about 16 hours ago

After keeping her political views hidden, Taylor Swift boldly breaks her silence. 
about 17 hours ago

Guy asks internet to show him “one example of Trump being homophobic" and gets absolutely schooled.
4 days ago

16 things people don’t realize you’re doing because you’re emotionally ‘numb.’
4 days ago

16 ‘anxiety thoughts’ people have when they first wake up.
4 days ago

Racist lady attacks women at grocery store for speaking Spanish. Then another white lady stepped in.
4 days ago

After this homeless man was doused with water at a coffee shop, people stepped in to get him back on his feet.
5 days ago

Guy gets schooled after saying Native Americans should be thankful that Europeans took over.
5 days ago

Trump’s first presidential alert system inspires endless hilarious memes. 
5 days ago

Features

Infographics

Projects

The Long Game
The Long Game is a collaboration with Hennessy exploring the impact, benefits, and risks of long-term thinking. What would it look like if our leaders in business, science, politics, and society were willing to risk short-term gratification for long-term social progress?

Issue 36: The 2016 GOOD 100
Meet the remarkable individuals tackling pressing global issues today

The GOOD Guide to Recycling
The objects we discard aren’t trash. They’re a resource.

The Local Globalists
Meet 17 innovators who are changing our future for the better.

Project Literacy
Bringing the Power of Words to the World #ProjectLiteracy

Issues

Newsletter

Quantcast


Skip to main content

We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you.
More info



You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our cookies policy .

BMJ Journals

  • Subscribe
  • Log In
    More

    Log in via Institution
    Log in via OpenAthens

    Log in via AAO

  • Basket
  • Search
    More

    Advanced search

British Journal of Ophthalmology
  • Latest content
  • Current issue
  • Archive
  • Authors
  • About

Advanced search

  • Close
    More

    Main menu

    • Latest content
    • Current issue
    • Archive
    • Authors
    • About

  • Subscribe
  • Log in
    More

    Log in via Institution
    Log in via OpenAthens

    Log in via AAO

  • BMJ Journals
    More

You are here

  • Home
  • Archive
  • Volume 88, Issue 9
  • You are what you eat

Email alerts

Article Text

Article menu

  • Article
    Text
  • Article
    info
  • Citation
    Tools
  • Share
  • Responses
  • Article
    metrics
  • Alerts

PDF

Cover

You are what you eat

Free

Loading
  1. I R Schwab
  1. University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA; irschwabucdavis.edu

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjo.2004.049510

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

      Debate over the smallest eye requires a definition of what makes an eye. The answer to this question, generally given by those considered authorities, is that an eye is an organ that receives and recognises light and has the ability to define spatial detail. Specifically, an eye can compare the amount of light coming from different directions. This definition means that an unusual collection of photoreceptors that may perceive light, but cannot tell direction or form of an image, such as those found in the tail of some of the sea snakes, would not be considered an eye.

      By most definitions then, the planktonic dinoflagellate, Erythropsidium, must have among the smallest of eyes, since the creature is only 50–70 μm in diameter. Next to nothing is known about its genetics or visual mechanisms; nevertheless, we do know that this remarkable eukaryote speaks volumes about evolution’s creativity and emphasis on vision, although the term “vision” goes beyond an eye and must include some degree of interpretation of the image. It is doubtful that this organism interprets any image.

      Dinoflagellates are protists, or single celled nucleated organisms. Such single celled eukaryotes (organisms that have cells with nuclei) have been traced at least to the Cambrian period (see February 2004 BJO cover essay) or even the Precambrian, but fossil records extend the reign of protists to at least the Lower Middle Proterozoic era, about 1.2 billion years ago. Technically, a protist does not develop from a blastula, so it is not an animal; it does not develop from an embryo, so it is not a plant; it does not develop from spores, so it is not a fungus; but it does contain a nucleus so it is not a prokaryote or bacterium. Protists are varied and most unusual. Some protists, for example, have 100 times the amount of DNA that human cells have. Most zoologists believe protists belong in their own kingdom.

      Beetles are the most plentiful animal species (July 2004 BJO for review), but the protists are probably more plentiful still. Few would hazard a guess as to how many nucleated algae, water moulds, slime nets, diatoms, and other such species exist, and we surely must have an inadequate understanding and count of this virtually uncountable single celled kingdom. Protists are mainly aquatic, but terrestrial species do exist in moist soils. Single celled they may be, but simple they are not. These diverse and adaptable species often have specialised features including chloroplasts, toxins (responsible for the red tide), bioluminescence, and flagella, allowing them to occupy otherwise challenging niches. Many are commensals, saprophytes, or parasites––sometimes they parasitise each other.

      Embedded Image

      Certain flagellated protozoa are known to have phototaxis, possess an eyespot, and can probably sense direction and perhaps even intensity of light with these grouped pigment granules. But one group of flagellates actually does better than that—the dinoflagellates.

      Our cover species, Erythropsidium, is one of several dinoflagellates that are known to have an ocelloid complex enough to resemble an eye. One such dinoflagellate is known to have a lens, or hyalosome, that can change shape, an ability that could be considered a form of accommodation. There is also a clear space overlying a pigment cup that is filled with carotenoid globules and some unknown form of visual pigment. The pigment cup, also known as the melanosome, is probably of plastid (chloroplast) origin and is divided into two parts, including the retinoid or retinal body of precisely aligned membranes within a layer of carotenoid and melanin pigments. A related dinoflagellate has been studied in an attempt to analyse the lens, and although the lenticular composition is not known, the anatomy is. The lens consists of clear, concentrically arranged layers and is poised above the pigment cup. The index of refraction of the lens is high at 1.52, but that would seem appropriate since the organism is pelagic. Appropriate ray tracing documents that rays striking the lens would come to focus on the retinoid (the term used for the presumed photosensitive portion of the ocelloid), and the field of view is thought to be about 30°. The whole structure actually protrudes from the cell, seemingly to point in different directions. A related species has been documented to use its flagellum to mediate phototaxis or at least orientation relating to light stimulus. Other dinoflagellates with an ocelloid have been documented to have a pigment within the eye cup that reflects and absorbs blue-green wavelengths with a strong directional component. Such light was found to be focused on the basal portion of the longitudinal flagellum and presumably contributed to intracellular communication (

      Keimer G, Reflective properties of different eyespot types in dinoflagellates 1999;150:311–23
      OpenUrl

      ).

      These rather perplexing creatures have been seen to chase prey, hence must be predators. And yet, they have chloroplasts. Other related protists are known to be so opportunistic as to be autotrophic (photosynthetic) when light is plentiful, and heterotrophic (eat other organisms) in the dark. These bizarre dinoflagellates, then, are neither plant nor animal, but have components of each.

      Lynn Margulis, in her recent book, Acquiring Genomes, asks a rather profound question that would follow once one knows of these dinoflagellates and their subcellular ocelloid. Could these creatures have been the source of the first eye? Perhaps, another protist or metazoan did not evolve an eye, but rather co-opted one from a dinoflagellate by ingestion. In that scenario, evolutionary refinements and improvements eventually led to other forms of eyes including both those of compound and camera style. You are what you eat.

      Acknowledgments

      Photographs and essay advice (thanks for both) by FJR “Max” Taylor, University of British Columbia,Vancouver, Canada.

      View Abstract

      Request Permissions

      If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

      Copyright information:

      Copyright 2004 British Journal of Ophthalmology

      Read the full text or download the PDF:

      Log in via Institution
      Log in via OpenAthens

      Log in via AAO

       

      • Sign In
      • Tutor Bios
      • Pricing
      • Test Prep

        HIGH SCHOOL
        • ACT Tutoring
        • SAT Tutoring
        • PSAT Tutoring
        • ASPIRE Tutoring
        • SHSAT Tutoring
        • STAAR Tutoring
        GRADUATE SCHOOL
        • MCAT Tutoring
        • GRE Tutoring
        • LSAT Tutoring
        • GMAT Tutoring
        K-8
        • AIMS Tutoring
        • HSPT Tutoring
        • ISEE Tutoring
        • ISAT Tutoring
        • SSAT Tutoring
        • STAAR Tutoring
        Search 50+ Tests


        Loading Page

      • Academic Tutoring

        math tutoring
        • Algebra
        • Calculus
        • Elementary Math
        • Geometry
        • Pre-Calculus
        • Statistics
        • Trigonometry
        science tutoring
        • Anatomy
        • Biology
        • Chemistry
        • Physical Chemistry
        • Physics
        foreign languages
        • French
        • German
        • Latin
        • Mandarin Chinese
        • Spanish
        elementary tutoring
        • Reading
        • Phonics
        • Elementary Math
        other
        • Accounting
        • Computer Science
        • Economics
        • English
        • Finance
        • History
        • Writing
        • Summer
        Search 350+ Subjects


        Loading Page

      • About

        • Video Overview
        • Tutor Selection Process
        • Online Tutoring
        • Mobile Tutoring
        • Instant Tutoring
        • How We Operate
        • Our Guarantee
        • Impact of Tutoring
        • Video Reviews & Testimonials
        • Media Coverage
        • About Varsity Tutors

      Scholarship Home
      Rules
      Essay Leaderboard
      Winners
      Past Entries

      Varsity Tutors Scholarship
      Entry

      • Rank:
      • 0 Votes
      Berea
      of Tallahassee , FL

      Vote for my essay with a tweet!

      Tweet


      Embed

      You are What You Eat – Varsity Tutors Scholarship Essay

      If I were given the chance to give a TED talk, I would talk about the vast effect diets have on an individual’s mental health.

      A diet is usually only regarded in attempt to lose weight or gain muscle, though your diet radically shapes your mentality. Our current generation is the result of hundreds of years of an everchanging naturally-selective gene flow, though we’re still just the descendants of the Neanderthals. We have been constantly adapting to our environment and been revolutionizing modern technology to compensate for a massively demanding population. We’ve created efficient processes to provide food, medicine, shelter and clothing to our enormous population, and have made these readily accessible. This ingenuity has allowed individuals to eat almost whatever, whenever.

      The human body is very simple in nature, and thus prefers to digest simple foods. We have genetically modified our foods, and have added processed sugars, salt, starches, hydrogenated fats and much more into our daily diets. The body can break these substances down, though not easily. The brain begins to craves these foods again to receive a dopamine rush, thus drastically shaping our moods, cravings, and even our memories. Like our Neolithic ancestors, we should strive to eat foods rich in nutrients, easily decomposable, and in practical portions. Neanderthals ate scarcely. When they binged, it was likely followed by elongated periods of fasting. When they casually ate, it was portioned to preserve food for their next meal. Our generation’s modified, cheap foods have allowed us to eat frequently in massive quantities, and has misaligned out metabolic diurnal clock. The result is neurodevelopmental disorders, exhaustion, increased risk of organ failures, and imbalanced neurochemical expression.

      Humans are incredibly intelligent, and have scientifically discovered ways to feed the masses, though in turn, have scientifically modified our bodies internal processes. You are what you eat, and we are not eating natural food.

      Votes

      FIND THE BEST TUTORS

      Our Guarantee
      Online Tutoring
      Mobile Tutoring App
      Instant Tutoring
      Reviews & Testimonials
      How We Operate
      Press Coverage

      Top Subjects

      ACT Tutors
      Algebra Tutors
      Biology Tutors
      Calculus Tutors
      Chemistry Tutors
      French Tutors

       

      Geometry Tutors
      German Tutors
      GMAT Tutors
      Grammar Tutors
      GRE Tutors
      ISEE Tutors

       

      LSAT Tutors
      MCAT Tutors
      Math Tutors
      Physics Tutors
      PSAT Tutors
      Reading Tutors

       

      SAT Tutors
      Spanish Tutors
      SSAT Tutors
      Statistics Tutors
      Test Prep Tutors
      Writing Tutors

      Top Locations

      Atlanta Tutoring
      Boston Tutoring
      Brooklyn Tutoring
      Chicago Tutoring
      Dallas Tutoring
      Denver Tutoring

       

      Houston Tutoring
      Kansas City Tutoring
      Los Angeles Tutoring
      Miami Tutoring
      New York City Tutoring
      Philadelphia Tutoring

       

      Phoenix Tutoring
      San Diego Tutoring
      San Francisco Tutoring
      Seattle Tutoring
      St. Louis Tutoring
      Washington DC Tutoring

      Our Company

      About Us
      Honor Code
      Partnerships

      Free Resources

      Tests, Problems & Flashcards
      Classroom Assessment Tools
      Mobile Applications

      College Scholarship
      Admissions Blog
      Test Prep Books
      Web English Teacher
      Early America
      Hotmath
      Aplusmath
      Jobs

      Tutoring Jobs
      Careers

      Varsity Tutors. © 2007-2018 All Rights Reserved

      Privacy Policy

      Terms of Use

      Sitemap

      Sign In

      disclaimer

      Clicky