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Personal Values Essay

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Personal Values Essays (Examples)

Related Topics:

  • Personal Statement

  • Personal Responsibility

  • Personal Goals

  • Personal Training

  • Personal Development

  • Personal Reflection

  • Personal Experiences

  • Personal Issues

  • Personal Experience

  • Personal Identity

Other Topics in this Category:

  • Abnormal Behavior

  • Personal Strength

  • Volunteerism

  • Decision Making Style

  • Moral Dilemmas

  • Imagination

  • Life Changing Events

  • Job Interview

  • Ego

  • Coming Of Age

 

 

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Personal Values Analysis Write Personal Values Anlysis

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Words: 957 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59823153

Personal Values Analysis: write personal values anlysis, centering values . list derived “values” document orld

Technique is one of the most essential values defined within the values document for the orld ar II cultural matrix, because it implies a dominance of technology over all of the conventional virtues that society was based upon. There are numerous examples of how technology’s ascendance, particularly during the critical years following orld ar II, has rendered the value system for contemporary society much different than that of prior societies. There are certainly some advantages to technology’s expedience that is found in virtually all aspects of life today. Yet its cultural ramifications are considerably more dubious in terms of beneficence, and in some instances appear to negatively impact people in the modern world.

Technique is defined within the aforementioned document as a crucial effect of reliance on technology and upon what Neil Postman calls “technopoly”…… [Read More]

Works Cited

No author. “A Value-System That Is Integrated by “TECHNOLOGY” VALUES of the World War II Cultural Matrix The Conflict of Objective and Subjective Values.” www.txwes.edu. No date. Web. http://faculty.txwes.edu/csmeller/Human-Prospect/ProData09/03WW2CulMatrix/WW2Val.htm

Twenge, Jean. Generation Me. New York: Simon & Schuster. 2007 Print.

Postman, Neil. Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. 1992. Print.

 

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Personal Values Analysis You Write Personal Analysis

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Words: 1045 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51607463

Personal Values Analysis: You write personal analysis, centering values . list derived “values” document World

There are a number of different attributes assigned to the term propaganda within the World War I Cultural Matrix. This document presents both informal and formal definitions of this term, as well as many different connotations that it has. In adhering to the cultural motif of World War I, virtually all of the examples about propaganda have to do with Hitler’s use of this tool in mobilizing the masses of Germans for his global campaign. More compelling still is the fact that this document alludes to the enduring nature of propaganda as a vital tool for the ‘machinery’ of bureaucracy, or rather that of modern bureaucracy. As such, there are several examples of contemporary propaganda that one can cite and which have a certain degree of relevance in the life of the author of this…… [Read More]

References

Starr, B., Labott, E. (2005). “Official: U.S. calls off search for Iraqi WMDs.” CNN. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2005/U.S./01/12/wmd.search/

No author. (No date). “A value-system that is integrated by “BUREAUCRACY”

VALUES of the World War I cultural matrix: The conflict of mechanistic and organic values.” www.txwes.edu. Retrieved from http://faculty.txwes.edu/csmeller/Human-Prospect/ProData09/02WW1CulMatrix/WW1Val.htm

 

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Personal Values Development Current Value

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Words: 1483 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44997765

After I entered Kohlberg’s Post-Conventional Moral stage, I began to realize that: (1) homosexuality probably is not a voluntary choice; (2) homosexuals can have meaningful, committed, and stable loving relationship or superficial, casual, and unstable relationships exactly the same way heterosexuals can (and often do) experience both types of relationships at different times of their lives; (3) homosexuality is not a moral issue at all; and (4) gay people have the same moral right to any of the benefits that our society and government makes available to heterosexual couples who choose to share their lives in a meaningful way.

Materialism and Conformity

During Kohlberg’s Conventional Moral stage of my development I admired material possessions and wealth about as much as everybody else. I assumed that anybody who drove an expensive car or owned a big house must necessarily be very smart to be so successful and must be happy in…… [Read More]

Sources Consulted

Gerrig R. And Zimbardo P. (2007). Psychology and Life. New York: Allyn & Bacon.

Pinker S. (2002). The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature. New York:

Penguin.

Trevino L. And Nelson K. (2004). Managing Business Ethics: Straight Talk about how to Do it Right (3rd ed.). New York: Wiley.

 

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Personal Values Intersecting With the

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Words: 1009 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32018618

In terms of the products which are no longer fresh, but which can nevertheless be consumed, these are donated to food kitchens and local shelters for the homeless people.

3. Alignment of the Values and the Managerial Function in Light of the Common / Different Values

A major difference between my personal values and those forwarded by Kudler Fine Foods revolves around the approach of the established goals. While along my life I have often changed my goals and dreams into what I believed to be better expectations including also others, the gourmet company sets the goals and then works hard to achieve these goals. As a manager observing a need to readjust the goal in the process of achieving it, the necessary strategy for an objective realignment might be impeded by the rather rigid organizational stand.

A second means in which my values and the company’s values differ refers…… [Read More]

 

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Personal Values and Commercial Enterprise Work Is

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Words: 935 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4605235

Personal Values and Commercial Enterprise

Work is one of the most important parts of the lives of most people within modern societies. As much as almost anything else in our lives, work and our vocational identity define who we are and determine how we live. uccess, in and of itself (i.e. virtually without reference as to what realm success is achieved) is pursued and congratulated. Great financial success is one of the most common hopes of the average person, with the particular means of achieving it substantially just a road to that end. Albert Einstein (and many others) worried that this overemphasis on “acquisitive” success robbed the spiritual value or community-mindset that corresponds to genuine satisfaction in life. Twentieth Century psychologists like Nathaniel Brandon and Abraham Maslow and sociologists like C. Wright Mills have written extensively about the over emphasis of success instead of value to others or to society…… [Read More]

Sources Consulted

Branden, N. (2001). The Psychology of Romantic Love. New York: Bantam Books.

Gerrig, R. And Zimbardo, P. (2005) Psychology and Life 18th Ed. New Jersey:

Prentice Hall.

Mills, C Wright. (1953). White Collar: the American Middle Class. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

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Beliefs and Personal Values

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Words: 1104 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78742165

Personal Values and Beliefs

My personal values and beliefs are based on kindness and compassion. There is a salutary spiritual component of those values and beliefs as well. However, I truly value life in all of its myriad forms. This valuation is increased when it comes to sentient life. I believe that it is best to live in accordance with life and one’s surroundings, as opposed to trying to dictate those surroundings and shape them to one’s own benefit. This latter stance is that which is largely propagated via Western culture. However, I believe that the values of kindness and compassion are best actuated by living in accordance with one’s surroundings, which is manifested daily in the interactions that one has with other forms of life.

The spiritual aspect of this fledgling belief system is predicated on the notion that there is a universal creator who has engendered existence in…… [Read More]

References

Borland, T. Speidel, C. (2015). Understanding the Affordable Care Act and its impacts on low-income taxpayers. Journal of Tax Practice & Procedure. 17(3), 51-57.

CSUS. (2016). Kantian ethics. http://www.csus.edu / Retrieved from http://www.csus.edu/indiv/g/gaskilld/ethics/Kantian%20Ethics.htm

Lamp. (2016). Cubans tell Obama: “Healthcare is a right.” Lamp. 76(4), 8.

Stanford Encyclopedia. The history of utilitarianism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 27. March 2009. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/utilitarianism-history/

 

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Nursing Values Personal Values and Nursing What

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Words: 930 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2248957

Nursing Values

Personal Values and Nursing

hat personal, cultural, and spiritual values contribute to your worldview and philosophy of nursing? How do these values shape or influence your nursing practice?

Of all the personal values that are most critical to me, to my identity and to my profession, the importance of helping others is first and foremost. I was raised within a culture where family connections are extremely critical. And within this cultural context, I have shared a spiritual affiliation that says we are responsible for the well-being of our fellow man. These are principals which have fed naturally into the advancement of my nursing career and further which have helped me to retain a certain level of attentiveness, care and dedication within.

This is of critical importance because there is an unquestionable connection between the ethical responsibilities of the occupation and the characteristics identified above. In particular, I have…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

MacDonald, C. (2013). The Nursing Ethics Blog. Nursingethicsblog.com.

Presidents Council on Bioethics (PCBE). (2010). Chapter 3: To Heal Sometimes, To Comfort Always. Being Human: Readings from the President’s Council on Bioethics

 

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List of Top Three Personal Values

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Words: 998 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29637953

It is important for an individual to have values. Personal values are the ideals that guide an individual in how they live their life (Barrett Values Center). They express an individual’s motivations and what is most important to them. Values influence an individual’s words, thoughts, beliefs, actions, and decisions in various aspects of their life, including personal, family, social, academic, and career aspects. Most importantly, values define one’s character, and can be a source of gratification.
As a person, my three most important values are integrity, humanity, and firmness. Integrity means honesty, incorruptibility, and moral uprightness. It is one of the values I strive to portray in every aspect of my life. I strongly believe integrity is something everyone should have. Having integrity means your actions, deeds, and words are consistent with the relevant ethical, moral, and legal standards. It simply means doing the right thing all the time –…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barrett Values Center. Personal Values Assessment (PVA). Barrett Values Center, n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2017.

Thum, Myrko. Do you know your personal values. Myrkothum.com, 22 Feb. 2013. Web. 30 Oct. 2017.

 

 

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Personal Values Development

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Words: 1786 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88623360

Integrity in Personal

and Professional Life

In the context of human psychological issues, integrity means congruence between one’s expressed principles and internal values and one’s external actions

(Branden, 1985). A person who professes to respect honesty, for example, must conduct himself honestly in his relationships and affairs to maintain his integrity. The challenge of living a life of integrity arises when circumstances and situations make it easier to violate one’s own values for the sake of convenience or personal gain.

Therefore, a person who considers honesty a particularly important value may not choose to be dishonest where doing so might be advantageous without violating psychological integrity.

Similarly, psychological integrity requires situational objectivity, which simply means that one must uphold the exact same rules for one’s self as one believes appropriate for others in similar circumstances. Therefore, a person who considers it inconsiderate for someone else to double-park next to his…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Branden, N. (1985) Honoring the Self: The Psychology of Confidence and Respect New York: Bantam

Branden N. (2001) The Psychology of Self-Esteem.

New York: Wiley & Sons

Dershowitz, Allan. (2002) Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in A Turbulent Age.

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Values Conflict Universities Provide an Amazing Opportunity

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Words: 832 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79727496

Values Conflict

Universities provide an amazing opportunity for both growth and development in regards to academic development. Universities in particular provide a means of providing a stable and more robust income for individuals seeking a particular specialization. The University of Phoenix, in particular, has a unique method of teaching and providing a quality educational experience. Small class sizes, online specialization, and knowledgeable professors all make the university experience all the more manageable. However, I personally have experienced conflict of values that undermine the overall university experience. This conflict pertains mainly to the notion of academic honesty. I have encountered instances where many of the university values would be compromised by actions. Cheating is particularly important in a university setting. As such, having strong values and convictions regarding cheating is important within the overall university setting (Stuart, 2006).

The experience, looking back, was not unique to me. In fact, many students…… [Read More]

References:

1) Stuart P. Green. (2006). Lying, Cheating, and Stealing: A Moral Theory of White Collar Crime. Oxford University Press.

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Values Often a Company’s Mission

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Words: 646 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39912425

The “Safety First” scenario is even less cut-and-dry for me. If a company wants to increase its profit margin and include a high-end line of clothing, then it has the right to do so. I do not believe that a company can prevent or control crime through its pricing strategies. Shoplifting is not necessarily related to the presence of luxury goods. I feel that crime is a reflection of overarching social, economic, and political problems. As long as the company is acting ethically in other respects, then I don’t see the problem with offering the high-end jacket. Offering a low-cost alternative to the high-end jacket in my opinion is not the best solution in this case either, because it undervalues the more expensive article of clothing and could prevent people from buying it. Instead, a win-win situation might be to firmly decide that the Daze line would become high-end and…… [Read More]

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Values and Ethics Values Morals

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Words: 2454 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39537126

Therefore, our company’s mission is to ensure that our customers receive the highest quality products, with similar services, while ensuring that our employees are satisfied and motivated on personal and financial levels. Our company is also determined to significantly engage in the life of the community of which we are part of.

Corporate Social esponsibility

In today’s competitive market environment it does not suffice to provide high quality products and services. A company that intends to develop a sustainable position on the market must ensure that CS actions are being taken.

As a consequence, our company intends to make a difference in the eating style of people. Therefore, the company organizes seminars on this subject. People are invited to attend to these seminars held by authorities in the field that explain people the importance of a healthy eating style and the benefits of organic foods.

Also, the company is interested…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Smith, J. (2003). The Shareholders vs. Stakeholders Debate. MIT Sloan Management Review. Business Ethics and Public Policy, Leadership and Organizational Studies. Retrieved April 26, 2010 from http://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/articles/2003/summer/44411/the-shareholders-vs.-stakeholders-debate/.

2. Phillips, R. (2004). Some key questions about stakeholder theory. IVEY Business Journal. Retrieved April 26, 2010 from http://www.iveybusinessjournal.com/view_article.asp?intArticle_ID=471.

3. Deal and Kennedy’s Cultural Model (2010). MindTools. Retrieved April 26, 2010 from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newSTR_86.htm.

4. Cooke, R.A. & Szumal, J.L. (2000). Using the Organizational Culture Inventory to Understand the Operating Cultures of organizations. Handbook of Organizational Culture and Climate. Retrieved April 26, 2010 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=AUt1i9ZEa48C&pg=PA147&lpg=PA147&dq=robert+a+cooke+organizational+culture&source=bl&ots=ZRyk-MTlUj&sig=R9niqrhTVi1q-VNdWnvL-fB9lAg&hl=ro&ei=FcXVS93VJ8-ZOIy8vJ4O&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=robert%20a%20cooke%20organizational%20culture&f=false.

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Values Which of Your Regular

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Words: 664 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1807807

Which of your regular activities outside the classroom (group or individual) best reflect your most important personal values? How?

Another activity that I enjoy, and which also reflects my basic values, is planning my spending activities during the month. The value that is involved here is to carefully plan my finances in a way that helps me to not only survive, but also to have money left over to save towards my longer-term goals.

If the recent recession taught me anything, it is that the value of money and the stability of income are by no means guaranteed. It is therefore important to create a strong basis of wealth in terms of savings and investments in order to secure a future for oneself and those who might rely on one’s resources.

Learning to work carefully with my money now will also help me in my financial future, when I may…… [Read More]

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Values and Ethics in the Workplace Values

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Words: 1171 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41268688

Values and Ethics

in the Workplace

Values and Ethics in the Workplace

Values and ethics in the workplace can be extremely different among various jobs, careers, companies and organizations, ages, races, and ethnic groups, cultures and parts of the world, office environments, and the individual employees themselves. For example, a secretary in the administrative office of a Catholic church, a poor and illiterate factory worker in India, and a stockbroker who works as a managing partner in a prestigious firm would all hold different and maybe even opposing morals. The secretary would probably be opposed to working on a Sunday so that she had the time to attend church, while the stockbroker would feel compelled to work even on Sunday so that he did not feel lazy and unmotivated, and the factory worker would not have the option of making such a decision as he would have to work every…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Darwall, Stephen. (2002) Consequentialism. Oxford: Blackwell.

Loptson, Peter. (2006) Theories of Human Nature. Peterborough, ON: Broadview.

Orend, Brian. (2000) War and International Justice: A Kantian Perspective. West Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (October 15, 2004) Social Contract Theory. Retrieved on April 23, 2011 from http://www. iep.utm.edu/soc-cont/#SH3b.

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Values and Beliefs Transformation and Change Perhaps

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Words: 1038 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62455570

Values and Beliefs:

Transformation and Change

Perhaps one of the most interesting aspects of the human psyche is how one’s personal values and beliefs can transform and change. Whereas, one previously might have imagined that one’s value systems and beliefs were “set in stone,” events, circumstances, relationships, and changing community membership can either slowly or suddenly work to change one’s central beliefs quite unexpectedly. Although many individuals can experience a real sense of personal internal resistance or struggle to changing beliefs and values (perhaps akin to the stereotypical “midlife crisis”), some respond to value change quite readily and without emotional crisis. However, regardless of how one responds, belief and value change is a normal and typically inevitable for those who function in a wide variety of relationships, communities, and situations.

Relationships and Communities:

Their Central Function

Cultural anthropologists have long known the important role that community, and the relationships within…… [Read More]

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Personal Statement for Many People

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Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67292911

To contribute to this kind of objective requires: taking consistent actions through community service and a deep passion for helping people as much as possible. In this aspect, my goals and faith are intersecting, which is another reason why I believe I am good fit for the university. As Pepperdine’s mission statement encourages everyone to engage in community service, to help address various social issues. This is important, because as a Christian, having a sense of duty and service to humankind are what the teachings of Christ are instilling upon us. Serving the community in a positive way; is helping to support my belief in Christ, by following the same selfless example that was set. In this aspect, I think that the mission of the university is aligned with my beliefs of self-service for humankind.

When you put the different elements together, they are highlighting how Pepperdine is an ideal…… [Read More]

Bibliography

About Pepperdine. Pepperdine University, 2010. Web. 10 Dec. 2010

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Values and the Automobile Market in the

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Words: 1388 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19878182

Values and the Automobile Market

In the last decade, the luxury car segment became one of the most competitive in the automobile market. Many American consumers who purchase luxury cars prefer imports from Germany and Japan.

A marketing vice president with General Motors once commented, “Import-committed buyers have been frustrating to us.” This type of thinking has led industry analysts to argue that to successfully compete in the luxury car segment, U, S, carmakers need to develop better understanding of the consumers so that they can better segment the market and better position their products via more effective advertising. Insight into the foreign-domestic luxury car choice may result from examining owners’ personal values in addition to their evaluations of car attributes, because luxury cars, like many other conspicuously consumed luxury products, may be purchased mainly for value-expressive reasons.

Industry analysts believe it would be important to assess whether personal values…… [Read More]

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Personal Beliefs — Philosophy of

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Words: 1692 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89135536

” In all likelihood, theistic religions will eventually be replaced with more inclusive and real world-oriented social and moral values and thereby eliminate the most pervasive source of international war and societal conflicts.

Nevertheless, especially in the short-term, it could be very difficult to overcome the degree to which religion has become entrenched within societies and the minds of individuals. By the time children are indoctrinated with religious beliefs and the psychological orientation involving a connection between human morality and “gods,” it can be impossible to overcome that orientation later by introducing contradictory perspectives. Then again, that is largely true about other forms of intellectual prejudices, such as those that account for beliefs and attitudes about the respective races and others that have been successfully overcome over time.

Personal Values and Significant Influences

Given our understanding of the reality of the universe and human existence, it would seem that the…… [Read More]

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Personal Value Empathy

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Words: 575 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34324040

Department or Degree of Admission

Empathy

Empathy is not an easily skill or feeling to come back. In order to be empathetic to others, one must have had some joyful and traumatic experiences. Often the people who are the most empathetic are those who have experienced situations with similar intensity and context. In fact, that is a requirement for empathy — one must have been there, through that or a comparable experience him/herself in order to exude and feel empathy for others. Life can be thrilling and exciting, but also scary and depressing. It is important to live a life without fear and without regrets to have a fulfilling life with intense memories and experiences. These experiences, good and bad, lend themselves to empathy. Without empathy, the world would feel much lonelier than it already does at times. Empathy can save a person from desperation and bring someone back from…… [Read More]

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Personal versus Professional Values

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Words: 730 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57358204

Social Work Spirituality

There are a number of fields where personal beliefs and practices can run counter to what is present and obvious in the life of one’s clients and even one’s coworkers. This can present a challenge as it is hard for many people to separate their personal values and their professional values. Often times, these values are one and the same even when that is not the mandate and requirement of the employer in question. The problem with that mindset is that passing judgment or aspersions of the choices and mindsets and others when they have just as many rights to feel as they do, at least in most cases, is not the right thing to do. While setting aside one’s personal beliefs and convictions is not the easiest thing to do, it is the right thing to do unless the conviction or belief is clearly illegal or…… [Read More]

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Values for Your Work as Human Services

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Words: 834 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42998160

Values for Your Work as Human ervices Professional

As human service professional, I interact in various ways. These include caregiver, case manager, teacher, counselor, behavior changer, consultant, mobilizer, advocate, community planner, community change organizer and implementer, administrator, and evaluator (*). In order to most effectively and successfully carry out these responsible and diverse roles, I am recommended to adhere to a set of values and ethics particularly prescribed for human service professionals.

The values not only make me do the work that I love in the most effective way but it also helps me better help people and avoid conflict. I may, for instance, have my own ideas about how to best help people and in my fervor and ardor commit indiscretions. The values advise me to respect confidentiality of client at all times. They also tell me to place client foremost and to treat him or her with respect…… [Read More]

Sources

Alder, Ken (2007). The Lie Detectors. New York: Free Press.

National Organization for Human Services. Ethical Standards for HS Professionals

http://www.nationalhumanservices.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=43

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Personal Organizational and Cultural Values

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Words: 1125 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94119182

In instances such as this, an employee may make decisions that are totally foreign to their normal character.

It is these corporate ethical values that typically have the most impact on the decision-making process. Organizational ethical contexts are comprised of the moral ideologies adopted by the members of the organization, as well as the institutionalized philosophies regarding the principled conduct and the ethics codes that shape corporate strategy and action. When organizational ethical values are positively aligned with personal values, a more positive person-organization fit is acquired. Again, this fit is central in effective and efficient decision-making (Valentine, Godkin & Lucero, 2002).

The development of ethical codes, which are merely a formalized statement of the corporate ethical values, have a positive effect on reducing the number of unethical decisions that are made by employees. Employees that are members of an organization with an imposed code of ethics were found to…… [Read More]

References

Finegan, J.E. (Jun 2000). The impact of person and organizational values on organizational commitment. Journal of Occupational & Organizational Psychology, 73(2). Retrieved November 10, 2004, from Academic Search Premier database.

Myers, C.R. (1997). The core values. Airpower Journal, 11(1). Retrieved November 10, 2004, from Academic Search Premier database.

Valentine, S., Godkin, L., & Lucero, M. (Dec 2002). Ethical context, organizational commitment, and person-organization fit. Journal of Business Ethics, 41(4). Retrieved November 10, 2004, from ProQuest database.

How Personal, Organizational and Cultural Values Affect the Decision-Making Process

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Values Influence Decision-making While No

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Words: 1422 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89203125

Whether in business or other settings, Chinese people will often demonstrate a notable lack of contentiousness, preferring to say indirectly what an American would not hesitate to say frankly.

If one’s professional or social senior in China errs in some way, the junior will seldom correct or criticize him. This is in part because doing so would cause the senior to lose face, which is undesirable. One does not want to be the reason another loses face. Others take a dim view of someone who caused another to lose face in this way.

When constructive criticism is invoked by a senior, or even by an equal, the response from a Chinese person will probably not be very candid. An articulate Chinese person will attempt to use polite conversation to lead the person requesting the criticism to arrive at the same opinion as is felt by the person of whom the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Barker, Thomas S., Cobb, Steven L. (2000). Survey of Ethics and Cultural Dimensions of MNCs. Competitiveness Review, 10(2), 123-129.

Chen, Charles P. (2004). Transforming Career in Cross-Cultural Transition: The Experience of Non-Western Culture. Counsellor Trainees. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 17(2), 137-144.

Gries, Peter Hays. (1999). A ‘China Threat’? World Affairs. 162(2), 63-75.

Hall, Edward, T., Hall, Mildren Reed. (1987). Nonverbal Communication for Educators. Theory Into Practice. 26(1), 364-367.

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Personal Leadership Beliefs Overview Leadership

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Words: 1158 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64845378

Key ethical beliefs and values about one’s self and others

I am known as a socially aware leader, one who believes that the needs of society transcend the needs of any one person — including myself. My idealism is also manifest in my style as a socially aware leader in that I believe the welfare of others, even when that may conflict with my own personal and economic self-interest, is more important. Of course, the greatest test of an idealistic, socially aware leader is when the leader’s business or organizational goal conflicts with that of society. How to cope, for example, with working for an organization that causes environmental harm when one is an environmentalist?

Fortunately, I have never had to work with a company that placed me in such an uncomfortable ethical bind. I have tried to select organizations with whom I agree with, in terms of their overall…… [Read More]

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Personal Organizational and Cultural Values Play in

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Words: 1580 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91168299

Personal, Organizational, and Cultural Values play in Personal and Professional Decision-Making

In today’s increasingly high-powered, competitive workplaces, employees at all levels, occasionally (or even frequently) find themselves having to make difficult ethical decisions at work, such as rather or not to do the right thing ethically, or instead to do something else, less ethical but more self-protective. Often, that “something else” flies in the face of one’s self-image and personal values. Such decisions, that go against what one believes in are made, often reluctantly, every day: to please a boss; to help a boss please top management; to keep one’s job, to avoid being demoted, to “go with the flow,” etc. There is no genuinely “good” way for either bosses or employees to handle such workplace dilemmas, except (if one is a boss) to try to avoid creating them for employees or other stakeholders, if one can, and to encourage…… [Read More]

References

Badaracco, J.L., & Webb, A.P. (Winter1995). Business ethics: A view from the trenches. California management review, 37(2). 9

Layne, J. (2000,). Forging new families: an overview of mergers and acquisitions

In the context of organizational change. Industrial Relations Press, Industrial

Relations Centre, Queens University, Ontario, Canada.

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Values Attitudes and Beliefs How

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Words: 398 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60246133

Our belief in world communication means that all workers strive to ensure that our workplace communication is effective. This free and easy access of information is made possible not simply through workplace rhetoric, but also through practical institutions such as the use of ‘live’ weekly centralized meetings and regular email notifications and communications when face-to-face communication is not feasible. There is also a regular company newsletter and company intranet web access to create a constant and common sense of an organizational culture.

Whenever the organization enacts a change in policy, which often necessitates a change in the handing of individual client’s information, all affected employees are immediately updated immediately of changes through email. To ensure no miscommunication has taken place, the changes are reiterated during the weekly meeting.

The reiteration of messages ensures that the occasional intermittent pitfalls of miscommunication or deleted electronic communication are minimized. But although at times,…… [Read More]

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Personal Professional Development Plan in Nursing

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Words: 1720 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62510028

Vision and Interests

Personal VALUES

Influencing FACTORS

Responsibilities

• Providing holistic, safe, and patient-centered care.

• Providing individualized attention to patients when delivering care.

Commitment

• Model positive healthy behaviors.

• Maintain current knowledge and skills while engaging in self-enhancement through continuous learning.

• Uphold personal and professional standards of practice at all times during nursing practice.

Personal Experience

• I have previously cared for a sick family member before joining the nursing career. This influenced my choice to pursue a career in nursing.

Family Member(s)

• The family member I cared for influenced my decision to pursue a career in the nursing field.

Friends and Peers

• Most of my friends and peers are in the nursing field and have encouraged me to pursue a career in this field.

Mentors

Work-Related

OPTIONS to Consider

PLANNED Accomplishments

Education

• I will engage in continuous education to enhance my competence and…… [Read More]

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Personal and Professional Change Over

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Words: 4318 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65225455

These authors add that with respect to this exemplary leadership quality, “Although a significant difference existed by gender, both men and women rated challenging the process as their least developed leadership skill” (p. 259). This also means that people must be willing to take personal and professional risks, including speaking up for what they believe in the workplace, but the cost-benefit analyses that are routinely used by winners can help establish the framework in which such pursuits are achievable.

Such intuitive decisions may be valuable in the workplace when someone’s experience and intellect combine to produce consistently positive outcomes, but it is reasonable to suggest that many successful business leaders take their time in formulating decisions about many of the complex issues they encounter on a day-to-day basis, but in some cases, time is of the essence and what “seems more right” will have to do. People with fine-tuned senses…… [Read More]

References

Adams, T.C. & Keim, M.C. (2000). Leadership practices and effectiveness among Greek student leaders. College Student Journal, 34(2), 259.

Goleman, D. (2000). Working with emotional intelligence. New York: Bantam Books.

Intagliata, J., Smallwood, N., & Ulrich, D. (2000). Leveraging leadership competencies to produce leadership brand: Creating distinctiveness by focusing on strategy and results.

Human Resource Planning, 23(3), 12.

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Personal Leadership Communication Platform

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Words: 1656 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44981797

Leadership solid understanding of the concepts and framework of leadership are essential for anyone in a position of leadership who hopes to develop as an effective and successful leader. In this paper, I will thoroughly investigate the concepts of leadership from a number of sources, including Terry Pearce’s book, Leading Out Loud: The Authentic Speaker, the Credible Leader. Based on my understanding of these concepts, I will create a personal leadership communication platform for my position as an assistant principal.

Terry Pearce describes a framework for developing an effective platform for communication in leadership in Leading Out Loud: The Authentic Speaker, the Credible Leader. This platform includes five main components that Pearce feels are essential for success. These components are: 1) establishing competence, 2) building trust, 3) creating shared context, 4) declaring and describing a compelling future, and 5) committing.

First in the process of a framework for effective leadership…… [Read More]

References

Baldoni, John. It’s the Real Thing: Authenticity. ON LEADERSHIP COMMUNICATION. Darwin Magazine, February 2004. 2000-2004 CXO Media Inc. 05 March 2004. http://www.darwinmag.com/read/020104/authentic.html

Baldoni, John. Let Your People Know. ON LEADERSHIP COMMUNICATION. Darwin Magazine, January 2004. 2000-2004 CXO Media Inc.

05 March 2004. http://www.darwinmag.com/read/010104/know.html

Henslee, Elaine B. Article One. Leaders communicate a compelling vision of success. A Philadelphia story: civic engagement and ambitious system-wide reform.

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Personal Awareness of Cultural Bias in Social and Cultural Diversity

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Words: 2763 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49030133

Cultural bias implies an emphasized distinction or preferential status that indicates a predilection for one culture, over another. It is often discriminative, and is characterized by an absence of integration in a group, in terms of social principles, codes of conduct, and beliefs. Cultural partisanship introduces the accepted behaviors of one group as superior, and more valued, than those of another lesser-respected cultural group. In my surroundings, most of the residents, and hence, patients are white, making us (Afro-Americans and Asians) minorities, feel different if not isolated. Such deferential factors are responsible for establishing where specific individuals live, and what opportunities are available to them, in the healthcare and educational context (Sue et al., 2009)

Question 2

The presence of cultural bias within the context of healthcare-related recommendations and decision-making gives rise to significant challenges. Well-documented inequalities in health status of different racial and ethnic communities, in addition to nationally-publicized…… [Read More]

Resources and Services Administration (http://www.hrsa.gov/culturalcompetence/)

American Psychiatric Association’s Steering Committee to Reduce Disparities in Access to Psychiatric Care (2004) (Natl. Assoc. Social Workers 2007).

These and many more substantive readings from research are listed by the author for assimilating culture-centric education. (Sue, Zane, Nagayama Hall, & Berger, 2009)

Question 7

As a Counselor, I will need to be aware that being culturally aware implies delivering services in a manner consistent with the recipient’s culture, through regards to linguistic variation and cultural discussion. I would seek to be more sensitive to unaccultured ethnic minority clients. In addition, I would use discretion in cases where patients of a particular community or ethnicity are prone to certain clinical problems (for which I would study the ethnic group and its history in more depth) and if certain ethnic groups respond poorly to EBT (Evidence-based Treatment). (Sue et al., 2009)

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Value of Feedback and Student-Teacher Relationship to Learning

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Words: 1333 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82079567

teacher perceives a student has strong impact on the latter’s learning, interest and accomplishment (Hattie & Timperley, 2007 as qtd in Thomas et al., 2012). A social cognitive theory framework demonstrates this strong influence. Psychologist Albert Bandura identified social persuasions as one of the major sources of self-efficacy, or one’s self-confidence to accomplish a task. Students with higher self-efficacy have been observed to achieve more than others academically and persistently. Positive perception or feedback from the teacher, therefore, raises a student’s level of self-efficacy while a negative or critical perception discourages it. Teacher feedback of positive, ability-focused and effort-focused are associated with higher academic accomplishment in Mathematics. Studies also show that positive feedback from the teacher is evenly distributed between boys and girls in the area of Mathematics. But, in general, boys receive more negative feedback than girls (Burnett, 2002 as qtd in Thomas et al.).

Body

Perceived Teacher Caring…… [Read More]

References

Kaufman, S.R. And Sandilos, L. (2015). ‘Improving students’ relationships with teachers to provide essential supports for learning,’ American Psychological Association, pp. 1-

26

Rowe, A. (2011). ‘The personal dimension in teaching: why students value feedback,”

Vol. 5 # 4, International Journal of Educational Management, pp. 119

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Value of Educating Police Officers

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Words: 1077 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85552772

POLICE OFFICE EQUIE ASSOCIATES DEEGEE CIMINAL JUSTICE CLOSELY ELATED FIELD?

POLICE OFFICES, DEGEE IN CIMINAL JUSTICE, AND OTHE QUALIFICATIONS

Police Officers, Associates Degree in Criminal Justice, and Other Qualifications

Police Officers, Associates Degree in Criminal Justice, and Other Qualifications

Police officers are individuals empowered by the government to limit civil disorder, protect property, and enforce the law. They are normally charged with the detection and prevention of crime, apprehension of criminals and maintenance of law and order. The minimum training and education required in order to become a police officer mainly varies among individual agencies, departments, and states. The education requirements largely depend on the position or rank that the individual is seeking. This report endeavors to explain whether the police officer is required to have at least an Associates’ degree in Criminal Justice or any other close related field. It also explains whether police officers’ education level plays a…… [Read More]

References

Bottoms, A.E., & McClean, J.D. (2013). “Defendants in the criminal process.” Hoboken: Taylor and Francis

Carter, D.L., & Jamieson, J.D. (1978). “Issues and trends in criminal justice education.” Huntsville, Tex.: Institute of Contemporary Corrections and the Behavioral Sciences, Sam Houston State University

Cryderman, B.K. (1986). “Police, race and ethnicity: a guide for law enforcement officers.” Toronto: Butterworths

Nemeth, C.P. (1989). “A status report on contemporary criminal justice education: a definition of the discipline and an assessment of its curricula, faculty, and program characteristics.” Lewiston, NY, USA: E. Mellen Press.

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Values and Morals in the Accounting Industry

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Words: 2381 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32503022

Values and Morals in the Accounting Industry

The important questions to be addressed are taken from the “…business ethics/corporate social responsibility literature, oriented towards business enterprises but also of relevance to professional bodies: whether being ethical ‘pays’ in financial terms; and whether formal codes are useful in promoting ethical behavior…” (Cowton, 2009, p. 177).

Accountants are charged with carrying out ethical and moral decisions in their everyday work, but judging from some of the scandals in recent years (Enron, orldCom, the Anderson Accountancy, etc.) not all accountants are up to speed with those ethical and moral decisions. This paper reviews the judgments that accountants should be making based on morality and ethical values, whether the accountant is working for a multinational corporation or for a small business with only half a dozen employees.

Accounting Students and Moral Decision-Making

Deborah Leitsch writes in the Journal of Business Ethics that auditors are…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brown-Liburd, Helen L., and Porco, Barbara M. (2011). It’s What’s Outside that Counts:

Do Extracurricular Experiences Affect the Cognitive Moral Development of Undergraduate Accounting Students? Issues in Accounting Education, 26(2), 439-454.

Cooper, Barry J., Leung, Philomena, Dellaportas, Steven, Jackling, Beverley, and Wong,

Grace. (2008). Ethics Education for Accounting Students — a Toolkit Approach.

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Personal &amp Organizational Ethics Personal and Organizational

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Words: 2664 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88810160

PESONAL & OGANIZATIONAL ETHICS

Personal and Organizational Ethics Values for, for-Profit and Non-Profit Organizations

Ethics is a requirement of the society to both individuals and organizations. Ethics are applied to business and personal behaviors, and are used to determine how companies and individuals abide to policies. To indicate the application of ethical principles in organizations, an analysis is carried out of For-Profit and Non-For-Profit organizations, in this case Bank of America and Boys Club of America. This is by analyzing an ethical dilemma they are experiencing, their approach to the problem, and the legal, political, and social outcomes emerging from this cause of action.

Part One

The Boys Clubs of America is a non-for-profit organization founded in 1860s in Harford, Connecticut Formed with the aim of giving boys who roamed the streets a positive alternative. The club has undergone major changes beginning in 191 when several boys’ clubs affiliated to…… [Read More]

References

Anonymous. (2009, Dec 16). Boys & Girls Clubs of America, Lowe’s Announces $1 Million

Bach, R. (2010, March). A Letter from our Chairman Emeritus: March 2010. Retrieved from Boys and Girls Club of America:  http://www.bgca.org/chairman/Pages/MarchLetterfromOurChairman.aspx 

Bank of America. (2013). Retrieved March 21, 2013, from Bank of America: http://message.bankofamerica.com/heritage/#/ourheritage

BCOA. (2011). Boys of America. Retrieved from Boys of America:   http://www.bgca.org/Pages/index.aspx  .

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Personal Model of Ethical Leadership Has Been

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Words: 1971 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42203081

Personal Model of Ethical Leadership

Leadership has been defined as the “procedure of social influence where a person is able to enlist the aid and support of others in the achievement of a common task” (Jam, 2012). Leadership is something that remains as one of the most appropriate features of the organizational context. A leader is an individual who influences a group of people in the direction of a specific result. It is not really dependent on title or official authority. Leaders are normally recognized by their volume for caring for others, clear communication, and a commitment to persevere. Some experts believe that good leaders are made not born and others say the opposite. Some leaders have the belief that when people have the willpower and desire, then they can become an effective leader. Some managers even mention that a good leader develops through a never ending procedure of self-study,…… [Read More]

References

Jam, J.I. (2012). IMPACT OF CORPORATE ETHICAL VAULUES ON ETHICAL LEADERSHIP AND EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE. International Journal of Business and Social Science,, 23(9), 23-56.

Kacmar, K.M. (2013). Ethical leadership and subordinate outcomes: The mediating role of organizational politics and the moderating role of political skill. Journal of Business Ethics,, 23(11), 33-44.

Mayer, D.M. (2012). Examining the link between ethical leadership and employee misconduct: The mediating role of ethical climate. Journal of Business Ethics, 12(6), 7-16.

Miao, Q.N. (2013). The relationship between ethical leadership and unethical pro-organizational behavior: Linear or curvilinear effects? Journal of Business Ethics, 22(5), 67-70.

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Personal Agency The Importance of

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Words: 2482 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24222691

Bernie Krisher of American Assistance for Cambodia set her up in Phnom Penh twice more, but each time she ran away after a few days, desperate to get back to her meth supply” (Kristof and uDonn, p.39). hile I have not returned to Mexico and the carefree lifestyle I led there, I cannot deny having the desire to do so, on occasion. hile I know that the life I lived there was not the right life for me, I still long to return to it on occasion.

Of course, the differences in countries and cultures are, in many ways, becoming less apparent as the world becomes more global. This globalization has challenged the existing social structures in many countries, including those countries with castes or caste-like socioeconomic divisions. Discussing India, Kapur stated that, “ancient social structures are collapsing under the weight of new money. Bonds of caste and religion and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barber, Benjamin. “Jihad vs. McWorld.” The Atlantic. N.p. 1 Mar. 1992. Web. 6 May 2013.

Kapur, Akash. “How India became America.” The New York Times. 1-2. 9 Mar. 2012. Web.

6 May 2013.

Kristof, Nicholas and Sheryl WuDunn. “Microcredit: The Financial Revolution.” Half the Sky:

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Values and Virtues All of Us Have

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Words: 1284 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91098991

Values and Virtues

All of us have been sent to this world for a purpose; the invariable purpose of life on earth is doing good to each other. What defines the behavior of a person is his character and what shape the character of a person are his values and virtues. The perception of many people is that virtues and values are more or less the same things; however, in this paper we shall see how the two differ and see what the character of a person is in fact. Moreover, we shall also consider an ethical dilemma in clinical practice and see how the values and virtues are used to solve that dilemma.

Values

There are basically six pillars that form the character of the person. These six pillars are the set of ethical values that a person must in order for him to become a man of good…… [Read More]

References

Ethics, Virtues, and Values: Knowing What Matters Most. U.S. Department of State.

Gray, Tim. (2000). “Real Men Choose Virtues.” Lay Witness Magazine.

Teen Aid Inc. “Values vs. Virtues.”

The Ethics Scoreboard. (2007). “Values, Virtues and Duties: The Foundation of Ethics.”

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Personal Perspective on Changes That Occur Throughout

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Words: 1074 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10475087

Personal Perspective on Changes That Occur Throughout Early, Middle, And Late Adulthood

One of the more interesting things about aging is just how differently people go about the process. In my experience, many people seem to grow older and change very little from their early to late adulthoods as a result, keeping the same interests, friends, spouse, home and job for years and years. For instance, I know one elderly widower, “Mark,” who has conducted petroleum engineering seminars in several states nine months a year for more than 30 years. Besides some minor administrative work and continuing education, Mark has the rest of the year to himself and he participates in a number of leisure and recreational activities, some of which he takes seriously. For instance, Mark is still an accomplished ballroom dancer despite his somewhat advanced age (73 years), and he has played tournament bridge games in Las Vegas…… [Read More]

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Personal Health Plan

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Words: 1678 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31322091

Personal Health Plan

How would I go about creating a mentally healthy classroom?

Being an important setting within communities, educational institutions have almost widespread accessibility to youngsters and have been consequently in a special place to encourage emotional and mental wellness. This requires, in my opinion, the following elements:

• endorsing resilience

• improving connectedness to school

• cultivating individual identification and self-worth

• applying psychological health teaching programs for example Psychological Well being Matters

• offering supportive pastoral health care and assistance systems

• endorsing means for seeking support

• providing a secure as well as supportive learning and also social atmosphere

• offering programs to boost defensive elements

• creating clear procedures for the recognition, assistance and recommendation of scholars at an increased risk

• assisting young adults in stress

• applying school processes for offering instant crisis assistance, distressing incident management, as well as postvention assistance for…… [Read More]

References

Nastasi, B.K., Pluymert, K., Varjas, K., & Moore, R.B. (2002). Exemplary mental health programs: School psychologists as mental health service providers. Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists.

National Association of School Psychologists. (2002). School psychologists: Providing mental health services to improve the lives and learning of children and youth. [Brochure]. Bethesda, MD: Author. Retrieved from www.nasponline.org.

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Personal Leadership Journal Enter 1-2

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Words: 3581 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16367057

The chances of success of the survey are even higher if the survey is anonymous and respondents do not fear any repercussions.

Name of assessment instrument

Survey of Influence Tactics

Enter a summary of your reactions to the assessment instrument

Also a good tool, but most effective if anonymous to identify who has the power to influence others and how do they use this influence

Name of assessment instrument

Measure of Ingratiating Behavior in Organizational Settings

Enter a summary of your reactions to the assessment instrument

This is also related to the power of influence certain individuals might have within the organization

Name of assessment instrument

Identifying Influence Tactics

Enter a summary of your reactions to the assessment instrument

The tool is good for the overall interest of the organization and it will resolve conflicts and complaints

eflect on other assignments from the week including the Leader of Choice Carly…… [Read More]

References

Kanellos, M., February 9, 2005, Perspective: Fiorina’s fuzzy vision News.com, http://www.news.com/Fiorinas-fuzzy-vision/2010-1071_3-5569685.html, last accessed on February 5, 2008

Senge, P., 1994, the Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization, Doubleday Publishing

The Organizational Politics Questionnaire, Delta College, Retrieved at http://www.delta.edu/coop/politics.html. On February 5, 2008

Kanellos, M., February 9, 2005, Perspective: Fiorina’s fuzzy vision News.com

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Personal Leadership Plan Personal Leadership Development Plan

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Words: 1181 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31313749

Personal Leadership Plan

Personal Leadership Development Plan

The nursing profession is about helping people. The nurse has an innate sense of caring for others and wanting to ease their suffering. This is the central reason why anyone wishes to become a nurse. Currently, a nursing shortage means that nurses can have a steady supply of places to work and currently some of the highest wages of any profession in the country. However, that is not a good reason to become a nurse. At the end of the day, with aching feet and an aching back, the nurse has to have another reason for doing what they do. The following will explore my personal vision and plan for developing my own leadership skills within the nursing profession.

Personal Vision Statement

A vision statement consists of the guiding principles that drive a nurse to pursue their career and endure grueling hours and…… [Read More]

References

Adams, C. (2010). Dying with Dignity in America: the transformational leadership of Florence Wald. J Prof. Nurs. 26 (2), 125-132.

Lu, H., While, A. & Barnball, K. (2007). Job satisfaction and its related factors: A questionnaire survey of hospital nurses in Mainland China. Int J. Nurs Stud. 44(4), 574-88.

National League of Nursing. (2007). Core Values. Retrieved November 9, 2010 from http://www.nln.org/aboutnln/corevalues.htm

Palfine, S. (2008). The characteristics of nurses’ and caregivers’ behavior in different clinical settings with special attention to burnout syndrome. Orv Hetil. 2008. 49(31),1463-9.

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Personal Model of Leadership the Modern Business

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Words: 1260 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11885706

Personal Model of Leadership

The modern business environment has significantly diversified, in order to adapt to the changes determined by globalization. Given the situation, the importance of the role of leaders has also increased. This determined theorists’ and practitioners’ interest in leadership studies that are able to provide some guidelines regarding the manner in which leaders should behave.

The challenge is represented by the fact that the leadership models presented by the literature in the field and by the business practice lead to the assumption that these leadership models are unable to respond to the changing business environment (Clawson, 2010). In other words, leaders must trust their instincts and knowledge when establishing the leadership model they should follow. Such leaders should also take into consideration successful leadership models, no matter the field the leaders in case addressed. This is because the values encouraged by a leader in politics can be…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Clawson, J. (2010). Level Three Leadership. Retrieved January 21, 2011 from http://www.apps.business.ualberta.ca/.

2. Dunaway, D. (2007). Eight Leader Behaviors that Increase Motivation, Morale, and Performance, and One that Won’t. Retrieved January 22, 2011 from http://cnx.org/content/m15614/latest/.

3. Clark, D. (2010). Concepts of Leadership. Retrieved January 22, 2011 from   http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadcon.html  .

4. Cunningham, C. (1966). Dimensions of Leader Behavior. Journal of Cooperative Extension. Retrieved January 22, 2011 from www.joe.org/joe/1966winter/1966-4-a4.pdf.

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Personal Religious History Religion Today

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Words: 1057 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23334219

The type of atrocity that a religious ideal could cause, I think, became cemented forever for me during the events of September 11, 2001.

Those men operated not only from a sense of devotion to their country, a hatred for the United States, but also from a religious fervor that encouraged them to take their own lives and the lives of thousands of others. This brought home to me that religion, in whatever form, could be not only a comfort, but also a greatly destructive force.

Even if I think of my own religion, Christianity, I am forced to admit the reality of the situation; it has not always been the gentle, caring lifestyle that’s so often promoted today. In fact, even today, many Christians use their religious zeal to hurt and destroy. If I think of the past, the Crusades, the Inquisition, and the Salem Witch trials come immediately…… [Read More]

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Personal Definition of Nursing Theory Like Most

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Words: 710 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53568977

Personal Definition of Nursing

Nursing Theory

Like most facilities, my institution stresses that it cares for its patients. Its belief in the value of caring and the place of caring at the center of nursing practice has caused it to make Jean Watson’s Human Caring Theory the core of its philosophy. Watson’s theory states that caring is an interpersonal science and a “caring environment is one that offers the development of potential while allowing the person to choose the best action for himself or herself at a given point in time” (Jean Watson’s theory of nursing, 2012, Current Nursing). One critical assumption that I see implemented in my practice is the idea that “caring is more ‘healthogenic’ than is curing. A science of caring is complementary to the science of curing” (Jean Watson’s theory of nursing, 2012, Current Nursing). Nursing may be a science, but nurses must always remember that…… [Read More]

References

Jean Watson’s theory of nursing. (2012). Current Nursing. Retrieved:

http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/Watson.html

Nursing models of care. (2013). Highland Hospital. Retrieved:

http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/highland/departments-centers/nursing/nursing-philosophy/model-of-care.aspx

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Personal Autobiography My Name Is

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Words: 393 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97114158

I studied there for two years and then again relocated to complete three years of college at California State Northridge.

My five years of education at these two universities, as well as my education in Australia have exposed me to many varied international peoples and has further broadened my understanding of the diversity of language and culture. As a student I am clearly focused on group work as an essential element of success in education and demonstration of knowledge and this has been greatly influenced by my exposure to many cultures and friendships with many diverse individuals. Group work is also essential in business and I hope that my focuses as a business/finance major in group work success will aide me extensively in my career.

Within the development of my personal and educational life I was drawn to Finance as a professional and degree goal. I have extended this commitment…… [Read More]

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Personal Strategic Leadership Plan Background of the

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Words: 1169 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63788983

Personal trategic Leadership Plan

Background of the ituation Requiring Change

In my current organization, there is a need to improve the communication efficiency of many employees. We have encountered problems because of poor communication, especially in written form. ome of our personnel perform their other job functions well but when it comes to written communication, they lack professionalism and precision. On several occasions, clients have expressed frustration because they were unable to understand the meaning of emails sent to them in the ordinary course of business.

For example, one client complained and asked to be re-assigned to different account managers because he believed that the export manager who had been handling his account was inexperienced. Meanwhile, she has more than a decade of experience doing her job and she is one of our new employee trainers. Our internal audit of her communications with clients revealed that the problem is strictly…… [Read More]

Sources Consulted

Avolio, B.J., Walumbwa, F.O., and Weber, T.J. “Leadership: Current Theories,

Research, and Future Directions.” Annual Review of Psychology, Vol. 60 (2009):

421 — 449.

Bennis, W. “The Challenges of Leadership in the Modern World: Introduction to the Special Issue.” American Psychology, Vol. 62, No. 1 (2007): 2-5.

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Personal Code of Ethics

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Words: 2323 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8166226

They are a great source of strength and I will honor them while remaining true to myself.

I am committed to lifelong learning and I will constantly strive to advance my knowledge and skills in the field by attending conferences and clinics, and reading the current literature.

I will strive to be a contributing member of society, both professionally and personally. I value education and lifelong learning and will continue to expand my knowledge by attending classes. I also understand the value of work and feel that it is a necessary and constructive part of my life. I will continue to make myself more valuable to my employer by attending seminars and training and by doing my best for the company.

Continually improve my skills as a person and as an employee through educational enhancement programs to perform my job in a timely way at a high level of excellence.…… [Read More]

References

Beasley, M.S. & Jenkins, J.G. (2003). A primer for brainstorming fraud risks: There are good and bad ways to conduct brainstorming sessions. Journal of Accountancy, 196(6), 32.

Beker, M. (2004). Screenwriting with a conscience: Ethics for screenwriters. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Hancock, J. (2003, May 10). Personal code of ethics. Jill Hancock. [Online]. Available: http://www-distance.syr.edu/jillh.html.

Nash, R.J. (2002). Spirituality, ethics, religion, and teaching: A professor’s journey. New York: Peter Lang.

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Personal Leadership Statement Leadership Is One of

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Words: 1937 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44585381

Personal Leadership Statement

Leadership is one of the most needed qualities and skills in today’s world. Because of globalization, more and more diverse interests and cultures are coming into greater contact with one another. To reconcile these differences is the task of leadership (ondinelli & Heffron, 2009). Effective leadership can help society to realize the promises of such interactions while ineffective leadership is more likely to stoke such differences and amass power from the differences within society. This holds true for society as a whole as well as for different institutions within society such as religion, education, business and economy.

My personal leadership approach has been shaped by a variety of factors. My parental upbringing, socialization, inborn traits, formal education, interpersonal relationships, religion and exposure to the media have all contributed to shaping my perceptions of human beings, the relationships they share with one another, their interests and the potential…… [Read More]

References

Abbasi, A.S. (2010). Role of Islamic Leadership in Value-Based Corporate Management. Lambert Academic Publications.

Bennis, W.G., & O’Toole, J. (2009). How Business Schools Lost Their Way. Harvard Business Review, May 2009. Accessed from EBSCO Business Search Primer.

Lussier, R.N., & Achua, C.F. (2010). Leadership: Theory, Application and Skill Development, (4th ed.). Cengage Learning.

Obolensky, N. (2010). Complex Adaptive Leadership: Embracing Paradox and Uncertainty. Gower Publishing Limited.

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Personal Nursing Philosophy Conceptual Background

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Words: 1524 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87424621

Likewise, Callista oy’s Adaptation Model of Nursing provides a contextual bridge between the internal physiological determinants of patient health and the crucial aspects of external environment that typically influence patient health and (especially) patient perceptions and attitudes about health and medical or nursing interventions. Together, application of the principles promoted by Watson’s Caring Model and by oy’s Adaptation Model of nursing complement my clinical training in a manner that I believe enables me to contribute the most to my patients, to my profession, and to myself as a nurse.

eferences

Dobratz, M.C. “Moving nursing science forward within the framework of the oy

Adaptation Model.” Nursing Science Quarterly, Vol. 21; (2008): 255-259.

Fawcett, J. (2005). Analysis and Evaluation of Conceptual Models of Nursing, St. Louis,

MO: Mosby.

Pipe, T.B., Kelly, a., LeBrun, G.; Schmidt, D., Atherton, P., and obinson, C. “A

prospective descriptive study exploring hope, spiritual well-being, and quality of…… [Read More]

References

Dobratz, M.C. “Moving nursing science forward within the framework of the Roy

Adaptation Model.” Nursing Science Quarterly, Vol. 21; (2008): 255-259.

Fawcett, J. (2005). Analysis and Evaluation of Conceptual Models of Nursing, St. Louis,

MO: Mosby.

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Personal Statement as Concern About

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Words: 657 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59573301

Children should have the values of what they learn in the school curriculum reinforced on the field. The spatial relations and kinesthetic knowledge required to throw a ball touches upon what students learn in science; the ethics of sports figures and steroid use are addressed in social studies; the philosophical and spiritual importance of sports is discussed in great literature. Students can even have math skills reinforced by keeping track of team statistics. Learning about technology, such as how to use the web to engage in research, can easily be reinforced as children look up new sports drills, or even simply follow the careers of inspirational athletes who have values of which a coach, parent, and child can be proud.

Above all, I believe in student-centered learning. The experiences that the child remembers are those that he or she learns hands-on. The playing field and practice field are great teachers:…… [Read More]

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Personal Views on Religion in

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Words: 645 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55170223

While thee may be ational and ethical objections to killing a nealy fully developed fetus, thee ae none that petain logically to teminating a pegnancy that is only hous old, much less fo peventing a pegnancy that has not even occued. Religious beliefs and values may be pefect justifications fo such decisions on a pesonal level; howeve, they cannot eve be allowed to impose those values on othes who may not shae those paticula eligious beliefs.

The United States was founded lagely on the concept of eligious feedom by those who ejected the notion that the govenment should be able to dictate pesonal eligious beliefs. The agument that eligious feedom is meant only in the naowest sense as petains to the actual assignment of eligion by the state is weak. If eligious feedom meant only that the state could not equie a specific eligion, that would still allow the state…… [Read More]

references to any “God” because that violates the religious freedom of atheists. Similarly, there is no reason that atheists should not be able to purchase alcohol on Sunday just because that happens to be the religious Sabbath of Christians any more than Christians should have to be limited in their freedoms on Saturdays just because other religious faiths happen to celebrate their Sabbath on Saturday. Religious freedom should protect the right to practice any religion and to practice no religion and it should never allow any religious beliefs to be imposed in any way on others.

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Personal Social Class My Parent’s Class Position

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Words: 1894 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50777628

Personal Social Class

My Parent’s Class Position

My parents grew up in poverty in Latin America. Their story is not an unfamiliar one in America. My parents were able to obtain a middle school education, which at that time in Latin America, was a good educational accomplishment. Like most children living in impoverished, lower class families, my parents both had to contribute to the household income. Opportunities for earning extra money were scarce, but my parents were creative and determined; they took what jobs they could find and set themselves up to establish work where there had previously been none. My mother would say that sometimes people just didn’t know what work they needed someone else to do — but if you do some work, and the people like it, they see that it is nice not to have to do the work for themselves. When my grandparents immigrated to…… [Read More]

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Personal Leadership Platform

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Words: 1641 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25475201

Personal Leadership Platform

Henry Fayol, Mary Parker among other scholars in the field of management have described leadership as the act of getting thing done through others, this definition is consistent with the definition given by Carter et al. (2008, 3-4) who described leadership as the process of attaining organizational goals, of which these organizational goals are attained effectively and efficiently through the performance of certain tasks that includes planning, organizing staffing, directing and controlling. From a functional perspective leadership can be defined as the process of planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling organizational resources and activities so that goals can be accomplished effectively and efficiently.

This research paper is based on leadership development from a personal perspective i.e. It aims at enlisting my strengths and weaknesses as a leader and the corrective measures I plan to undertake in order to become the future leader that I would admire.- Besides…… [Read More]

Work cited

Avolio, B.J., Gardner, W.L., Walumbwa, F.O., Luthans, F., & May, D. (2004).

Unlocking the mask: A look at the process by which authentic leader’s impact follower attitudes and behaviors. The Leadership Quarterly, 15, 801-823.

Carter Louis L., Marshall Goldsmith, and David Ulrich (2008) Best Practices in Leadership Development and Organization Change, Best Practice Institute.

Cromwell S. And Kolb J. (2004), “An examination of work-environment support factors affecting transfer of supervisory skills training to the work place,” Human Resource Development Quarterly

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Personal Thoughts Dear Sirs Attached

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Words: 764 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37824746

Positions such as Administrative Assistant and Front Office Manager for Celebrity Cruises and Royal Caribbean International consequently strengthened my job qualifications and established me as an effective communicator.

My main goal as a Front Office Manager and Customer Representative was to establish credibility. Due to my people-orientation skills I was able to effectively measure – with maturity – those circumstances surrounding my communications, including situational and cultural context. Through hard effort, patience, and serious consideration of the multi-national environment in which I was required to operate and engage, I consequently adopted an individual style of communicating.

My daily tasks included messages conveyed through channels; verbal face-to-face meetings, telephone, written letters, e-mails, memos, and reports were but a few of the communication opportunities encountered.

Clearly recognizing the actions or reactions influenced by my message, I worked to ensure that my communication was always unambiguous and clear. Keeping in mind that people…… [Read More]

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Personal Philosophy of Supervision What

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Words: 1532 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12774929

Every school supervisor knows that improving teaching and learning is always the goal of every school, and finding the right applications for progress toward better outcomes should be a collaborative and constant strategy unique to each school environment.

In conclusion, collaboration is not a concept unique to the educational setting; indeed, any organization should embrace the idea of collaboration rather than strict hierarchal strategies. But when it comes to educational settings, an administrator working in collaboration with teachers to develop curricula, to solve problems, to create stronger formulas for learning, is a far better tactic than top-down leadership where demands and orders are the rule of the day.

orks Cited

McNair, D.E. (2011). Developing a Philosophy of Supervision: One Step Toward Self-

Authorship. New Directions for Student Services, no. 136, 27-34.

Silva, D.Y., and Dana, N.F. (2001). Collaborative Supervision in the Professional

Development School. Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 16(4),…… [Read More]

Works Cited

McNair, D.E. (2011). Developing a Philosophy of Supervision: One Step Toward Self-

Authorship. New Directions for Student Services, no. 136, 27-34.

Silva, D.Y., and Dana, N.F. (2001). Collaborative Supervision in the Professional

Development School. Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 16(4), 305-321.

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Personal Leadership Development Plan as

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Words: 1488 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72968213

My ISTJ nature shows that I am internally focused. In order to improve my interpersonal skills by developing the aforementioned traits, I will need to shift my focus to the external world. I will need to actively consider the view points of my co-workers rather than imposing my own ideas on them (Thompson, 2006).

There are a few different options to me for developing these skills in the next 180 days. I can focus on the functional aspects of these skills. This would be easy to learn because I could utilize my abilities in vision development and planning to keep these skills at the forefront of my mind. The skills could then be learned by treating them as any other technical skill. Another option would place the learning emphasis on the underlying attitude of selflessness and focus on others. As the attitude develops, the functional skills will naturally flow from…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Locke, E. (1999). The Essence of Leadership: The Four Keys to Leading Successfully. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Perce, K. (1998). Project management skills. American Association of Occupational Health Nurses Journal. Vol. 46, 8, 391-403.

Thompson, S. (2006). How to improve your interpersonal skills for career advancement. Associated Content. Retrieved December 12, 2009 from http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/100865/how_to_improve_your_interpersonal_skills_pg2.html?cat=31

Goldsmith, J. & McFall, R. (1975). Development and evaluation of interpersonal skill-training program for psychiatric inpatients. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Vol. 84, 1, 51-58.

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Values in Justice System Organizations

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Words: 2521 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77204422

The courts retooled by a generation of conservative judicial appointments and crazed case law now function as social abettors, in which the poor and the dark skinned are shunted off to a concrete hell with industrial efficiency. Left behind are broken families, more addiction, more disease, more illiteracy, and thus a more docile society” (Parenti, 2001).

There are different changes being made in the system to reflect new and evolving values. For example, recommendations have been made that all police interrogations be video taped, so that juries have access to the process of confession and not just a typed end-product. This way police can ensure the values of integrity in the confession process. The increasing use of DNA testing, where possible, is also a way of helping to ensure that only the guilty are punished and justice is upheld.

The main purpose of police department is to provide services to…… [Read More]

References

Parenti, C. (July 2001). The “New” Criminal Justice System: State Repression from 1968 to 2001. Monthly Review. 539(3): 19.

Platt, a. (2001). Social Insecurity: The Transformation of American Criminal Justice, 1965 — 2000. Social Justice. 28(1): 138.

Wright, K. (1999). Leadership Is the Key to Ethical Practice in Criminal Justice Agencies. Criminal Justice Ethics. 18(2): 2.

Townsend, P. (September 2005). Detention Redemption: In One California County, Progressive Leaders and Law-Enforcement Officials Are Transforming a Troubled Juvenile-Justice System. The American Prospect. 16(9): 20+.

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Personal Belief and Experiences

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Words: 715 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98764052

Personal elief and Experiences

Quizzes, tests, presentations, books reports, scantrons, number two pencils, stress, all-nighters, parents quizzing their children, tutors, among other things are all words that the general public associates with tests; but, to delve deeper into the dreaded word “assessment” there are pros and cons that help society realize the importance of assessments in school.

Assessments are imperative to curriculum teaching and are an essential component because students can gather strategies from the assessment taking and utilize those skills in the short- and long-term to achieve success. For instance, important strategies learned when taking an assessment include staying focused and relaxed, “expecting and accepting a little bit of stress,” reading and following directions, pacing oneself, not rushing through the assessment, among other things (PS, 2005). These are important skills to foster through the schooling as these eventually are vital and highly applicable to the “real world” that students…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Garrison, Catherine, & Ehringhaus, Michael. (2011). Formative and summative assessments in the classroom. Retrieved from http://www.nmsa.org/Publications/WebExclusive/Assessment/tabid/1120/Default.aspx

PBS, (2005). It’s my life.. Retrieved from   http://pbskids.org/itsmylife/school/teststress/article10.html

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Personal Statement Why the Candidate

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Words: 539 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3592485

==> With over ten years of administrative, managerial, retail and title work experience and degrees in accounting and public administration, I hope to share with my colleagues what I have learned and experienced in teamwork, communication, leadership, business ethics and human resource strategies. I believe that my positive outlook and enthusiasm will encourage my peers to explore their full potential and to use their education to find a personal sense of purpose and vision.

Real-world business challenges that the candidate currently faces that might be explored using the knowledge that the candidate will attain through his or her participation in the MBA program.==>

I am under considerable economy-related challenges in my retail and government jobs. It is definitely a challenge maintaining a viable retail store during these difficult economic times and profitability has definitely suffered. Far too often, I struggle to keep up with the prices of competitors and understand…… [Read More]

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Personal App the Strategic Management

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Words: 1087 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94757004

The SMCO site would serve as a portal bookmark and I might return to it if I needed to research a topic and needed to know at once a list of all the major business trade magazines, or if I needed to find multiple ways of checking company data on sources like ZDNet and Bloomberg Financial Market reports. I can see how the SMCO would be a helpful place to start compiling material for a case study. The SMCO also comes in handy because it would be too cumbersome to bookmark all the links offered there.

Several issues about the website seem disappointing, though. The SMCO’s graduate school links is practically useless. Instead of offering a list of programs and departments, the SMCO simply gives useless links such as to the Kaplan GMAT Test Prep. Undergraduate or transfer students would find it much more helpful if the SMCO listed universities…… [Read More]

References

Academy of Management Online. Retrieved Mar 20, 2007 at http://www.aomonline.org/

David, F. (2006). Strategic Management Club Online. Retrieved Mar 20, 2007 at http://www.strategyclub.com

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University of Notre Dame University of Notre Dame

College of Arts and Letters

Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews

2015.06.08

Susan Wolf

The Variety of Values: Essays on Morality, Meaning, and Love

Susan Wolf, The Variety of Values: Essays on Morality, Meaning, and Love, Oxford University Press, 2015, 263pp., $45.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780195332810.

Reviewed by Sara Protasi, University of Puget Sound


Few essays evoke the same enthusiastic praise for their combination of rigorous reasoning, elegant writing style and influential thesis as Susan Wolf’s “Moral Saints.” [1] Its placement as the inaugural piece in this collection allows one to see that it is not only chronologically but also conceptually prior to Wolf’s subsequent essays. It contains the seeds, in Wolf’s own metaphor, from which sprouted an impressively cohesive collection of arguments concerning the forcefulness and inescapability of moral demands, and the significance and resilience of nonmoral values.

In the introduction, with a mixture of humility and pride, Wolf calls attention to the systematic nature of these thirteen articles (only one of which is previously unpublished), and details the connections among them. She highlights central, recurrent ideas and explains how the essays relate to the original themes of “Moral Saints,” namely how there is more to value than morality, how moral considerations may be less forceful than moral philosophers have often portrayed them, and how different value reasons can pull us in opposite directions. The first part of the book, “Moral and Nonmoral Values,” focuses on the nature and importance of nonmoral values, and their relation to moral ones. The connected topic of the structure and importance of morality is discussed in part 4, “The Concept of Duty.” In the middle, part 2 (“Meaning in Life”) explores the topic of meaningfulness, and part 3 discusses “Love”.

Wolf devotes the final section of the introduction to the cover of the book, which features a still life by Willem Heda, the Dutch painter, depicting the remains of a luscious feast. Wolf tells us that she appreciates the Dutch Golden Age genre because of its rich textures, and one cannot help but think of the rich textures of her philosophical writing. Wolf explains that she is attracted by what she considers these paintings’ characteristic “ambivalence and ambiguity” (8): in the Calvinist context where they were produced and sold, sensual pleasures and appreciation of material goods were condemned, and still lifes were allegories of transience, warnings against appreciating things that are doomed to decay. But the paintings themselves are magnificent objects, and their melancholic message is obfuscated, contradicted, and possibly nullified by the very means with which it is conveyed.

Wolf is here pointing to a tension that infuses all the essays, one way or the other: the tension between moral demands (“don’t value material goods!”) and the demands of beauty, of taste, and, in general, of nonmoral value. She constantly shows us how decent, well-rounded agents cannot, and should not, always wholeheartedly comply with their moral obligations, for two reasons. First, because nonmoral values are intrinsically important, and Wolf convincingly articulates this importance throughout the book, highlighting the shallowness of the dichotomy morality vs. self-interest that was characteristic of moral philosophy when “Moral Saints” was published. Second, because morality cannot keep its irreplaceable role of requiring us to take into account the needs and interests of others, if it is too demanding. When we conceive of morality as overriding every other practical consideration, people will not have “the freedom to live lives that they can find to be good and rewarding” (228) and will be less inclined to respect moral imperatives.

Notwithstanding her commitment to the plurality of values, however, Wolf ends up neglecting some crucial aspects of what is symbolized in her beloved Dutch Golden Age paintings: our embodied, emotional nature, our being subject to impulses and unendorsed habits, our being attuned to and appreciative of simple pleasures, such as the pleasures of the table that are the subject of Heda’s still lifes.

To start with this last point: Wolf rarely talks in positive terms about the more mundane kinds of nonmoral values that occupy a central role in most people’s lives. For instance, in “Good-for-Nothings” (ch. 5), she rejects a welfarist theory of value, arguing that there can be things that are good independently of the fact that they benefit us: “These things are not good because they benefit us; they benefit us because they are good” (76). Her examples of good things are: reading Middlemarch, watching The Wire, practicing the cello, training for a marathon, appreciating seventeenth century Dutch paintings, and more generally “good art, good philosophy, good science” (73). She explicitly contrasts these activities and pursuits with less valuable counterparts: reading The Da Vinci Code, watching Project Runway, and playing Angry Birds.

Wolf’s examples of good things are well-chosen to resonate with her audience of professional philosophers in the Anglophone tradition, in its current demographic make-up. Extending Wolf’s point to different cultural and socio-economic contexts seems relatively straightforward. For instance, we could talk of reading the Mahabharata, watching Taiwanese puppetry shows, practicing the djembe. However, this expansion would leave unaltered the most significant feature of Wolf’s examples: they are all meant to be expressions of excellence. After saying that art, philosophy, and science are among the “things of immeasurable value” (76) with which the world is replete, and that “we may think of our lives as better, and more fortunate, insofar as we are able to be in appreciative touch with some of the most valuable of these” (76), Wolf goes on to say that “a good human life involves ‘enjoyment of the excellent'” (77). But having immeasurable value is not the same as being excellent, and treating them as equivalent has two consequences.

First, it makes one more likely to overlook admittedly less complex sources of values, such as those stemming from appreciation of natural beauty, or from sensual activities such as eating, or having sex, the kind of transient but valuable experiences that were shunned by Dutch Calvinists.

Secondly, it risks restricting the chance of a “better, and more fortunate” life to those who are capable of experiencing excellence. Consider a cognitively disabled person. Her impairment prevents her from intellectual excellence: she cannot read Middlemarch, nor understand The Wire, and she could never distinguish a Rembrandt from a Kinkade. She does, however, watch Project Runway, she can read children books, and she really enjoys eating juicy apples and walking in the park. Her impairment also prevents her from moral excellence. While she may be naturally virtuous, in the Aristotelian sense, she cannot achieve practical wisdom, distinguish between hypothetical and categorical imperatives, or maximize utility. Finally, while she is affectionate to her family members, her loving behavior is often immature and self-centered, comparable to that of a toddler. But even though moral, intellectual, and “interpersonal” excellence are bound to be out of her reach, she is in appreciative touch with some things of immeasurable value, and I hesitate to think that her life is less good and less fortunate than mine.

Another context in which Wolf’s view could be enriched by taking into consideration a greater variety of psychological profiles is her discussion of personal love. Love is the main topic of chapters 9, 10 and 11, but also comes up in other essays as an exemplary source of “values . . . that compete both motivationally and normatively with moral values” (5). In “The Importance of Love” (ch. 10), Wolf defines love as “caring, deeply and personally, for a person for her own sake” (191). It is an “orientation in the world” that “gives us reasons to live” (191).

Wolf’s account is close to the commonsensical understanding of love, and similar to other influential philosophical accounts, such as Harry Frankfurt’s. [2] But specific to her approach is how Wolf envisions the role of love’s reasons in practical deliberation. In “Morality and Partiality” (ch. 3), for instance, Wolf defends a conception of morality that incorporates what she calls the Impartialist Insight — “the claim that all persons are equally deserving of well-being and respect” (33) — in a “moderate” way, so as to be compatible with the demands of partiality “without apology” (35). Her approach on the one hand acknowledges that friendship and love are valuable in themselves, independently of their contribution to morality, but on the other also embraces the possibility of a radical choice in favor of partiality, even at a grave moral cost: the choice of a woman to hide her criminal son from the police, causing an innocent to be imprisoned in his place. Wolf suggests that the woman’s hesitation to act according to morality is not only understandable but “positively reasonable . . . . After all, if the meaning of one’s life and one’s very identity is bound with someone as deeply as a mother’s life is characteristically tied to her son’s, why should the dictates of impartial morality be regarded as decisive?” (41). She goes on to say that such a woman might be as worthy of admiration and respect as her counterpart who decides not to shelter her son.

While I am sympathetic with Wolf’s picture, I worry that she relies on an all-too-rosy picture of motherhood and maternal love, thus implicitly moralizing love itself. To the extent that Wolf convinces us that partiality can reasonably trump impartiality, she succeeds in doing so by describing the mother as engaging in “tortured deliberations” (42), ready to sacrifice her own well-being for the sake of her son’s: “Do to me what you like . . . . Judge me as you will. I will go to hell if I have to, but my son is more important to me than my moral salvation.” (41). This mother is a selfless martyr. Some readers might in fact take issue with precisely this quasi-fanatical aspect: perhaps she should worry more about the innocent man who will go to jail in her son’s place than about her own moral salvation. But even those who feel the pull of Wolf’s example, and I am one of them, should bear in mind that there are darker and less valuable ways in which maternal and filial identity are tied up, than pure maternal altruism. Consider the case of a mother who is affected either by narcissistic or borderline personality disorder, or is just plain selfish. [3] Such mothers will be pained at the prospect of their child’s going to jail because of the suffering it would cause to them. The shared sense of identity characterizing these relatively common relations is deeply problematic. To the extent that Wolf succeeds in showing that the mother’s choice is respectable, or even admirable, she does so by relying not so much on the value of love itself, but on the value of a moralized picture of love.

Consider also Wolf’s example in “‘One Thought Too Many’: Love, Morality, and the Ordering of Commitment” (ch. 9). The essay examines Bernard Williams’ famous discussion of the man who rescues his wife instead of another drowning stranger, and who ought not, according to Williams, be motivated by the thought that she is his wife and it is permissible for him to favor her over a stranger. [4] Wolf reviews different interpretations and consequent responses to Williams’ thesis, and concludes that the most common reaction is to agree with Williams that “the thought of moral permissibility would be one thought too many if it is understood to occur at the moment of action” (145, original emphases). This view, according to Wolf, is compatible with finding “nothing wrong with a person wondering, in a cool and reflective moment, under what conditions one may give preference to one’s loved ones and under what conditions one may not” (146). But — she argues — there is in fact something wrong with the husband who reflects, in cold mind, about whether what he did was morally permissible: it is an unappealing personal ideal of a lover. In the essay she offers an alternative ideal, or rather “glimpses of a psychological profile that could be filled out so as to constitute an ideal” (161): a lover who would not constrain his actions to only those that are morally permissible, and who is unlikely to engage in moral deliberation, even hypothetically, over Williams’ scenario. Wolf highlights that this is a personal and not a moral ideal, one she wishes she could realize and that she wishes for her children and friends.

Wolf claims to have sketched a psychological profile, but she does not pause to consider whether the husband depicted by Williams is a psychologically ordinary husband. Wolf is clearly sensitive to the constraints imposed on our moral ideals by nonmoral values. But there are also other constraints, imposed by our psychology.

I myself know that I fall short of being the kind of person that Wolf has in mind. I engage in the post-hoc reflections about what morality requires that Wolf deems as obtrusive, and the reason I do is that I sometimes need morality to nudge me to fulfill the demands of love. [5] Lovers are not always capable of putting their beloveds’ interests before their own, for a variety of factors: weakness of the will, egoism, and, more relevant to Williams’ scenario, primal instincts and emotions such as the hunger that made fathers fight with their sons over a piece of bread in concentration camps, [6] or the panic that makes a man flee in front of an avalanche instead of protecting his wife and children, [7] or, less dramatically, the sleep deprivation and exhaustion that causes petty fights between parents of a newborn.

One might respond on Wolf’s behalf that she is explicit about the ideal nature of her lover, so that we should exclude those psychological facts that count as character flaws. But imagine a case in which our husband is a military rescuer. He has been trained to defeat his survival instinct, so there is no risk of him running for his life in front of an avalanche. However, he has also been trained to save perfect strangers. This is not only a deeply engrained habit, but also a part of his identity. When the avalanche approaches, his wife is at 50 meters from him, but another woman, older and less fit than his wife, is closer. It would be physically possible for him to run faster and save his wife. However, his training and professional identity kick in and he runs to save the stranger. Would a post-hoc reflection be inappropriate in this case? Could this person not be a desirable, even ideal love partner?

Wolf’s decent human agents are very decent, but sometimes not quite human enough. Reflecting over less idealized profiles of lovers allows us to see also how the very boundaries between normative and axiological domains are sometimes, maybe often, blurry: in real life situations, it is often difficult to distinguish between different kinds of reasons and values. Whether or not a tired woman wakes her husband when the baby needs to be changed may be a complex deliberative act, and the final decision might be justified by a moral reason (he changed the baby earlier in the night, so it’s only fair she lets him sleep), a loving one (he is sleeping so well, poor thing), both, or none (there was no time to think, she just instinctively rushed to the crib). Appreciating the variety of values means also appreciating the variety of value, its own internal miscellaneous messiness.

This remark is of course Wolfian in spirit, and I see it showcased by the essay where we find the most psychologically realistic, and thus highly flawed, examples of human agents: “Loving Attention: Lessons in Love from The Philadelphia Story” (ch. 10). Wolf uses the movie The Philadelphia Story as a case study for understanding Iris Murdoch’s notion of loving attention as a moral virtue. Wolf’s conclusion is that loving attention can be a moral virtue insofar as it is interpreted as “loving of the world” (177). This conclusion is reached through a detailed analysis of the movie and the loving styles of it characters. This method of inquiry, inherently attuned to the complexity of human psychology, not coincidentally leads Wolf to minimize the differences between the domains of value: personal love is argued to be fundamentally analogous to loving the world, including people who are evil and thus unworthy of love, and to love of the arts, and even, maybe, love of chocolate and basketball (cf. footnote 11, 179).

If I had to summarize the gist of my critical remarks in a slogan, it would be: “more chocolate and basketball, please”. But I would not be in the position of making such remarks had it not been for Susan Wolf’s ground-breaking articulation of the importance of not being saintly.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
For their feedback on this review I thank Aaron Meskin and Shen-yi Liao, and especially Michael Della Rocca and Tyler Doggett for extensive discussions.
 


[1] Journal of Philosophy 79(8): 419-439 (1982).

[2] It would have been interesting for Wolf to compare her view to Frankfurt’s view in The Reasons of Love (Princeton University Press, 2006), especially given their opposite perspectives on the relation between love for others and self-love.

[3] Lydia Davis portrays such a mother in “Selfish” (The Collected Stories of Lydia Davis, Penguin, 2011, 441-442). The story is chilling because the mother is not depicted as abnormal in a clinical sense, even though of course the distinction between a psychological pathology and a moral flaw may not always be easy to draw.

[4] Bernard Williams, Moral Luck, Cambridge University Press, 1981, 1-19. For simplicity throughout the paper I maintain the husband/wife language, which does not imply endorsing a conventional picture of romantic love, according to which lovers are heterosexual, married, etc.

[5] I do not mean to imply that Wolf is not aware of the existence of conflicts between one’s self-interests and the interests of our beloved, as she explicitly talks about these conflicts (see, e.g., the conclusion of ch. 3, p. 46). What I argue here is that the existence of these conflicts should play a larger role in determining what ideals of love are obtainable, and thus desirable.

[6] As recounted by Primo Levi in If This is a Man, Abacus, 2013.

[7] This example is inspired by the movie Force Majeure.

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Monthly Review An Independent Socialist Magazine

Three Essays on Marx’s Value Theory

by Samir Amin and MR Admin

$17.00$20.00

Paperback, 96 pages
Cloth ISBN: 978-1-58367-424-6
Releasedate: November 2013
Also available as an e-book

In this slim, insightful volume, noted economist Samir Amin returns to the core of Marxian economic thought: Marx’s theory of value. He begins with the same question that Marx, along with the classical economists, once pondered: how can every commodity, including labor power, sell at its value on the market and still produce a profit for owners of capital? While bourgeois economists attempted to answer this question according to the categories of capitalist society itself, Marx sought to peer through the surface phenomena of market transactions and develop his theory by examining the actual social relations they obscured. The debate over Marx’s conclusions continues to this day.

Amin defends Marx’s theory of value against its critics and also tackles some of its trickier aspects. He examines the relationship between Marx’s abstract concepts—such as “socially necessary labor time”—and how they are manifested in the capitalist marketplace as prices, wages, rents, and so on. He also explains how variations in price are affected by the development of “monopoly-capitalism,” the abandonment of the gold standard, and the deepening of capitalism as a global system. Amin extends Marx’s theory and applies it to capitalism’s current trajectory in a way that is unencumbered by the weight of orthodoxy and unafraid of its own radical conclusions.

Marxian political economy, Samir Amin observes in Three Essays on Marx’s Value Theory, has all too often been content with the mere exegesis of Marx’s texts while failing to utilize his method to extend the critique of capitalism to the present. Representing a sharp departure from this, Amin’s revolutionary new work, Three Essays on Marx’s Value Theory, outlines the fundamental changes in the analysis of the system, including value theory, that are necessary in order to understand today’s ‘capitalism of generalized, financialized, and globalized monopolies.’ Three Essays on Marx’s Value Theory is an indispensable part of the theoretical synthesis that Amin has offered in recent years, including The Law of Worldwide Value and The Implosion of Contemporary Capitalism . To say that I highly recommend it to all of those concerned with these issues would be an understatement.

—John Bellamy Foster, editor, Monthly Review

What is splendid in Amin’s writing … is his lucidity of expression, his clear consistency of approach, and, above all his absolutely unwavering condemnation of the ravages of capital and of bourgeois ideology in all its forms … Amin remains an essential point of reference, and an inspiration.

—Bill Bowring, Marx  Philosophy Review of Books

Samir Amin was born in Egypt in 1931 and received his Ph.D. in economics in Paris in 1957. He is director of the Third World Forum in Dakar, Senegal. His numerous works include  The Law of Worldwide Value , Eurocentrism: Second EditionThe World We Wish to SeeThe Liberal VirusAccumulation on a World ScaleUnequal Development, and  Spectres of Capitalism .

Three Essays on Marxs Value Theory
SKU: mrp4246 Categories: Books , eBooks , Cloth

Filed in: New and Recently Released Topics: Economic Theory Marxism Political Economy Socialism Places: Global

Publication Date: October 2013

Number of Pages: 96

Cloth ISBN: 9781583674246

eBook ISBN: 9781583674253

  • Description
  • Additional information

Description

Paperback, 96 pages
Cloth ISBN: 978-1-58367-424-6
Releasedate: November 2013
Also available as an e-book

In this slim, insightful volume, noted economist Samir Amin returns to the core of Marxian economic thought: Marx’s theory of value. He begins with the same question that Marx, along with the classical economists, once pondered: how can every commodity, including labor power, sell at its value on the market and still produce a profit for owners of capital? While bourgeois economists attempted to answer this question according to the categories of capitalist society itself, Marx sought to peer through the surface phenomena of market transactions and develop his theory by examining the actual social relations they obscured. The debate over Marx’s conclusions continues to this day.

Amin defends Marx’s theory of value against its critics and also tackles some of its trickier aspects. He examines the relationship between Marx’s abstract concepts—such as “socially necessary labor time”—and how they are manifested in the capitalist marketplace as prices, wages, rents, and so on. He also explains how variations in price are affected by the development of “monopoly-capitalism,” the abandonment of the gold standard, and the deepening of capitalism as a global system. Amin extends Marx’s theory and applies it to capitalism’s current trajectory in a way that is unencumbered by the weight of orthodoxy and unafraid of its own radical conclusions.

Marxian political economy, Samir Amin observes in Three Essays on Marx’s Value Theory, has all too often been content with the mere exegesis of Marx’s texts while failing to utilize his method to extend the critique of capitalism to the present. Representing a sharp departure from this, Amin’s revolutionary new work, Three Essays on Marx’s Value Theory, outlines the fundamental changes in the analysis of the system, including value theory, that are necessary in order to understand today’s ‘capitalism of generalized, financialized, and globalized monopolies.’ Three Essays on Marx’s Value Theory is an indispensable part of the theoretical synthesis that Amin has offered in recent years, including The Law of Worldwide Value and The Implosion of Contemporary Capitalism . To say that I highly recommend it to all of those concerned with these issues would be an understatement.

—John Bellamy Foster, editor, Monthly Review

What is splendid in Amin’s writing … is his lucidity of expression, his clear consistency of approach, and, above all his absolutely unwavering condemnation of the ravages of capital and of bourgeois ideology in all its forms … Amin remains an essential point of reference, and an inspiration.

—Bill Bowring, Marx  Philosophy Review of Books

Samir Amin was born in Egypt in 1931 and received his Ph.D. in economics in Paris in 1957. He is director of the Third World Forum in Dakar, Senegal. His numerous works include  The Law of Worldwide Value , Eurocentrism: Second EditionThe World We Wish to SeeThe Liberal VirusAccumulation on a World ScaleUnequal Development, and  Spectres of Capitalism .

Additional information

Format

eBook , Cloth

Publication Date

October 2013

Number of Pages

96

Cloth ISBN

9781583674246

eBook ISBN

9781583674253

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