Afghanistan war essay

JavaScript seem to be disabled in your browser.

You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website.

Marked by Teachers

Part of The Student Room Group

  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. Home
  2. International Baccalaureate
  3. History

Page 1
Zoom in


  1. Previous

  2. 1


  3. 2


  4. 3


  5. Next

  • Level:
    International Baccalaureate
  • Subject:
  • Word count:
  • View my saved documents

    Share this



    Essay Plan. To what extent was the Afghanistan war important for the end of the Cold War?

    Extracts from this document…


    Essay Plan End of the Cold War. To what extent was the Afghanistan war important for the end of the Cold War? Thesis: Afghanistan brought about several economic problems for the Soviet Union, which destabilized it and contributed to the end of rivalries however the main reason for the end of the Cold War were the actions taken by Gorbachev, Reagan?s response and the further internal consequences in the USSR. Paragraph #1: The war in Afghanistan represented the trigger cause for a series of political and economical reforms in the Soviet Union, which were only possible through Gorbachev, the first Russian leader to admit the failure of such war. 1. 1982: the Mujahedeen controlled 75% of Afghanistan despite fighting the might of the world?s second most powerful military power. 1980: America ended SALT I. …read more.


    1. Gorbachev came to power in 1985, by 1989 he had ordered the withdrawal of soviet troops from Afghanistan after agreements and negotiations in 1988 with the Afghans. 2. Perestroika: Seeking to bring the Soviet Union up to economic par with capitalist countries such as Germany, Japan, and the U.S., he decentralized economic controls and encouraged enterprises to become self-financing. 3. Glasnost: Soviet policy of open discussion of political and social issues. Glasnost also permitted criticism of government officials and allowed the media freer dissemination of news and information. 4. Gorbachev cancelled the implementation of the Brezhnev doctrine and accepted the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact in 1990. 5. Interpretations: Dimitri Volkogonov: uses the word "paradox" more than any other in his account of Gorbachev in power – the convinced Communist who killed Communism; the Leninist who believed Soviet power could be democratized. …read more.


    Paragraph #4: Gorbachev?s actions and Regan?s responses generated internal pressures among the Soviet bloc and sublevations in countries as Poland which contributed to the end of the cold war. 1. Czechoslovakia rebelled in 1968 against communism and Alexander Dubcek became the leader. This leader began a process of economic and political emancipation called the Prague spring. 2. In April 14th, 1988, the governments of Pakistan and Afghanistan signed an agreement known as the Geneva accords. In was agreed a full withdrawal of Soviets by February 1989. 3. Solidarity reached 9.5 million members. This forced Gorbachev to declare the East European countries free 1988. 4. Historiography: At first the Soviets gave us an ultimatum: either bring the situation under control or we will cut off supplies of oil, gas and other raw materials. We had to convince our allies that we would not undermine the Warsaw Pact or allow the state to be undermined. General Jaruzelski speaking in 1995 …read more.

    The above preview is unformatted text

    This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

    Found what you’re looking for?

    • Start learning 29% faster today
    • 150,000+ documents available
    • Just £6.99 a month


    • Join over 1.2 million students every month
    • Accelerate your learning by 29%
    • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

    See related essaysSee related essays

    Related International Baccalaureate History essays

    1. World War 1 Information

      makes it clear that France will not allow Germany to bully France, even if the result is war > An agreement is reached between Germany and France. France sees Morocco as French territory and France gives some of the French Congo to Germany.

    2. To what extent can the origins of the cold war be linked to the …

      The Cold War saw the development of jet aircraft, more sophisticated telescopes for reconnaissance, hydrogen bombs, ballistic missiles and more powerful atomic weapons.

    1. Assess the reasons affecting the end of the Cold War.

      1 billion per annum for the US to support the mujahideen while it cost the Soviet Union around 8 times that or $8 billion per annum. Thus Reagan was the main contributor behind the fall of the Soviet Union, as he effectively led them on an arms race they could

    2. U.S. Civil War Essay

      Without a doubt, a unified economy was top priority. After the Union proved to be victorious, the South was shattered into pieces. The South was reconstructed to be fit the North’s ideals; however, loopholes arose. Former slaves began to work on plantations for a meager amount of food and shelter (Bahoor, 2008).

    1. Who was responsible for the Cold War?

      Of the two key conferences held between the ‘big three’; Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt, Potsdam was the most important in explaining the break-down from alliance into Cold War. Potsdam saw almost the complete breakdown in communications between the two ‘sides’ because of two major events.

    2. To what extent did Alexander II’s reforms cause more problems than they solved?

      of conscription for everybody was a great move towards weakening class privilege. This new reform supported the Tsar as well, as now he had a stronger army available to defend him and Russia. However, substitutes could be provided by people conscripted, this increasing the exploitation of the poor (as the


      But the real problem arrived with the division of Berlin, as Berlin happened to be the capital of Germany and in the middle of the Russian zone. As a result Germany would be demilitarized and denazified. After negotiation, Berlin was to be divided into four zones amongst Britain, France, Russia, and United States.

    2. Investigation: The Cuban Missile Crisis as a Thaw in the Cold War

      In terms of scaring the superpowers into submission and d�tente, the Cuban missile crisis led to a change in the Cold War with regards to the United States and Soviet Union. Appendix 1 Letter from Khrushchev to President Kennedy (October 27, 1962)

    • Over 160,000 pieces
      of student written work
    • Annotated by
      experienced teachers
    • Ideas and feedback to
      improve your own work


    Document image preview

    Want to read the rest?
    Sign up to view the whole essay and download the PDF for anytime access on your computer, tablet or smartphone.

    Read more

    (The above preview is unformatted text)

    Found what you’re looking for?

    • Start learning 29% faster today
    • 150,000+ documents available
    • Just £6.99 a month


    Looking for expert help with your History work?

    Check out our FREE Study Guides:

    Created by teachers, our study guides highlight the really important stuff you need to know.

    Or get inspiration from these FREE essays:

    Free essay

    May the League of Nations be considered a complete failure? Answer this question …

    Free essay

    War Guilt Clause

    Don’t have an account yet? Create one now!

    Already have an account?
    Log in now!