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Writing a journal manuscript
Identifying your research question
Structuring your manuscript
Title, Abstract and Keywords
Introduction, Methods and Results
Discussion and Conclusions
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Acknowledgments and References
Formatting your manuscript
Discussion and Conclusions
Your Discussion and Conclusions sections should answer the question: What do your results mean?
In other words, the majority of the Discussion and Conclusions sections should be an interpretation of your results. You should:
- Discuss your conclusions in order of most to least important.
- Compare your results with those from other studies: Are they consistent? If not, discuss possible reasons for the difference.
- Mention any inconclusive results and explain them as best you can. You may suggest additional experiments needed to clarify your results.
- Briefly describe the limitations of your study to show reviewers and readers that you have considered your experiment’s weaknesses. Many researchers are hesitant to do this as they feel it highlights the weaknesses in their research to the editor and reviewer. However doing this actually makes a positive impression of your paper as it makes it clear that you have an in depth understanding of your topic and can think objectively of your research.
- Discuss what your results may mean for researchers in the same field as you, researchers in other fields, and the general public. How could your findings be applied?
- State how your results extend the findings of previous studies.
- If your findings are preliminary, suggest future studies that need to be carried out.
- At the end of your Discussion and Conclusions sections, state your main conclusions once again.
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Research Paper Topics
Elements of a Paper
Conclusions and Recommendations
Paper Masters discusses how to properly write conclusions and recommendations for research papers.
In the Conclusions and Recommendations section (typically Chapter V of a thesis), you present your interpretation of the results given in Results Section (Usually Chapter IV). You also draw conclusions from your analysis of those results and then make recommendations based on your analysis. In short, tell your reader what your results mean and what actions should be taken as a result of your findings.
Have the writers at Paper Masters custom write your thesis for you, including the conclusions and recommendations section. Simply place your order here.
There are generally three sections in the Conclusions and Recommendations Chapter
Section 1: Conclusions
This section gives you the opportunity to discuss the meaning of your results beyond what they mean statistically; that is, you interpret the findings and indicate what can be concluded from them. In your discussion, indicate whether the results confirm, totally or in part, your original expectations or predictions. For each hypothesis, indicate whether it was supported and why. Discuss any limitations inherent in your research procedures. What implications do these limitations have for the conclusions drawn from the results? You should also discuss the relationship of your results to the original problem description:
- Will any of the alternatives make a difference, help solve the problem, or improve the situation?
- What are the long-term as well as the short-term implications of your findings?
- How do your findings relate to those of other researchers cited in the Literature Review ?
In some cases, the findings of several hypotheses may be interrelated. In that situation, you might choose to discuss those findings together and explain the interrelationships.
Section 2: Policy Recommendations
Other recommendations may also be appropriate. When preparing this section, remember that in making your recommendations, you must show how your results support them. A recommendation for a preferred alternative should include:
- Specifically stating what should be done, the steps required to implement the policy, and the resources needed;
- Discussion of the benefits to the organization and what problems would be corrected or avoided;
- Discussion of the feasibility of the proposed policy;
- General statement about the nature and timing of an evaluation plan that would be used to determine the effectiveness of the proposed policy.
Section 3: Recommendations for Further Research
In this section, you finally have the opportunity to present and discuss the actions that future researchers should take as a result of your Project. A well-thought-out set of recommendations makes it more likely that the organization will take your recommendations seriously. Ideally you should be able to make a formal recommendation regarding the alternative that is best supported by the study. Present and discuss the kinds of additional research suggested by your Project. If the preferred alternative is implemented, what additional research might be needed?
Related Research Paper Topics
Statistical Hypothesis Testing -There are two general types of hypothesis testing procedures: – A result is compared to a known population average.
How to Write a Conclusions and Recommendations Section
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Paper Masters Custom Research Papers on Conclusions and Recommendations
Paper Masters writes custom research papers on Conclusions and Recommendations and discuss how to properly write conclusions and recommendations for research papers.